Data en American

Americas US: Religious data platform 'targets mentally ill, vulnerable people' A new film reveals how Cambridge Analytica, collaborating with a software company, has created a platform for US ... Data America provides direct mailing lists, email lists, and sales leads for outreach. Connect with businesses and consumers with targeted marketing lists. Speak to a specialist today at 855.755-DATA (3282) The WHO country profiles provide an overview of latest available data on the HIV epidemic in low- and middle-income countries as of 2018. Besides demographic and epidemiological HIV data, these profiles also include information on country's HIV policies and plans; antiretroviral therapy coverage and pricing; elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis; paediatric HIV; key ... Data definition is - factual information (such as measurements or statistics) used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation. How to use data in a sentence. Is data singular or plural? Innovative statistical products created using new data sources or methodologies that benefit data users in the absence of other relevant products. Component ID: #ti2081131782 While many data tables are now available in data.census.gov , you can browse and download additional data tables by topic and year. This question reminds me of the film Gravity.Watch the first five minutes here.On 1:55 you can hear 'Houston' (Ed Harris) saying 'day-ta'; on 4:47 Dr. Stone (Sandra Bullock) says 'Dah-ta', only to be answered 'we are not receiving any 'day-ta''.. Now, Ed Harris was born in New Jersey and Sandra Bullock is from Virginia, but raised in Nuremberg. It seems that the correct pronunciation of 'data ... OKI Data Americas announces end-of-life notification for OKI-branded hardware effective March 31, 2021. OKI Data, or selected partners, will continue to provide consumables, parts, and warranty services to the Americas markets after this date to fulfill market demand. Census population data is used to divide the seats in the U.S. House of Representatives among the 50 states. It can also be used to draw boundaries for state legislative and school districts. Besides using census data for the benefit of public services, you can also use it for genealogical research. To protect the privacy of people who respond ... American Data’s ECS Software. American Data’s ECS is an electronic chart system with customizable features. ECS is built upon a strong foundation in long term care that encompasses the entire care continuum. Together, the components for each care setting provide an integrated patient health record. 811 Data Entry Jobs at American Online Jobs 811 Jobs sorted by: Relevance. Relevance; Title (A-Z) Title (Z-A) Company Name (A-Z) Company Name (Z-A) Date Posted (Newest to Oldest) Date Posted (Oldest to Newest) Distance (Furthest to Closest) Distance (Closest to Furthest) Sign up for job alert emails ...

cults

2009.05.28 21:06 commander-in-queef cults

Anything and everything about cults.
[link]


2019.03.05 13:18 alpidzonka AskBalkans

Questions about the Balkan states answered!
[link]


2016.04.25 04:32 pdvsa Venezuela news links (in English), Venezuela videos, Venezuela commentary.

Venezuela news links (in English only). Venezuelan commentary, photos from Venezuela, videos from Venezuela.
[link]


2020.09.29 18:52 SHIVADOC CFC for iOS 4.2 Beta & Roadmap

Hello again, denizens of /FootballCoach!
It's been a busy few weeks of work in and around College Football Coach for iOS, and without further ado, here’s your first look at CFC for iOS 4.2: https://imgur.com/a/GO5Bzu7
Here’s what’s in v4.2 (you may have spotted some of these above):
Note: this version requires iOS 13+.
Major Changes:
Minor Changes:
Thanks for playing!

Beta Details

Like with v4.1, an early look at CFC 4.2 will be open to a small pool of beta testers (same as the one for 4.1, but I will be opening 100 more slots) later today (US Eastern Time, 29-Sept-2020). Again, like with 4.1, here are my goals with this beta:
If you’re interested and want to learn more, please head here to read some other details and sign up! Note: Please read all of the information before signing up. I want to point out this line in particular:
Warning: If you upgrade to the CFC beta and then downgrade back to the App Store version of CFC, you will lose all of your data. This is because beta versions of College Football Coach rely on data values that cannot be read by previous versions of the game.
Please keep this above statement in mind when signing up for the beta.
As always, any feedback can be delivered by:
I don’t imagine this being a time- or labor-intensive commitment. If you have any further questions, don’t hesitate to reach out via email or Reddit PM.

Roadmap

I said in my post about v4.1 that it would be one of the last few releases for CFC for iOS, as I'm just about close to done with the roadmap I laid out. Some of you have asked to see that roadmap, so let's talk about it. Remember the usual disclaimer: all of this is subject to change; no featuresets and timelines are final; I make no promises about future work.

4.2 - Fall 2020 (changelog above)

4.3 - Q1-ish 2021

5.0 - Q3ish 2021

Please leave any suggestions or feedback (especially for that upgrade point feature) for this roadmap in the comments below! Remember: this is a community-driven game, so I really want to make sure I'm building game features that y'all will enjoy.
Thanks so much for your help!
Best regards,
SHIVADOC
submitted by SHIVADOC to FootballCoach [link] [comments]


2020.09.29 15:53 kittehgoesmeow What A Day: Don Of The Debt by Sarah Lazarus & Crooked Media (09/28/20)

"If the president thinks his best case is made in urine he can have at it." - The Biden campaign response to Trump's demands for a pre-debate drug test

Tax Against The Wall

President Trump’s elusive financial records have finally emerged, and, what do you know, they paint a clear picture of someone who absolutely should not be president.
The biggest takeaway is that Trump isn’t just less wealthy than he claims—he is up to his $70,000 haircut in debt, which makes his presidency a serious national-security threat.
Donald Trump ran for president in 2016 to boost his flagging marketability, has used the office to support his failing businesses, and is now prepared to steal an election to avoid accountability for the mountain of debt he can’t afford to pay. Trump was terrified of voters finding out that he is, above all, pathetic. We can work with that.

Look No Further Than The Crooked Media

You’ve all been making calls and texts and working your asses off to win this election, and Crooked wanted to make something fun to commemorate the work you’ve done in this moment. Check out our brand new Vote Save America Action Calendar! It’s like an advent calendar, but for the election, and instead of chocolate, there are stickers. As always, a portion of every order in the Crooked store goes to VoteRiders. Get yours now at https://crooked.com/store

Under The Radar

The Trump administration has spent more than $300 million on an ad blitz to “defeat despair” about the coronavirus ahead of the election. The campaign will reportedly feature administration officials and celebrities (well, Dennis Quaid) discussing the pandemic and the administration’s response. It was organized by former Health and Human Services spokesman Michael Caputo, who’s now on medical leave, and who claimed in a Facebook video that the campaign was “demanded of me by the president of the United States. Personally.” Caputo’s team abruptly commandeered $300 million that Congress had appropriated for the CDC—literally weakening the pandemic response to pay for campaign ads falsely assuring voters that the response is going great. House Democrats have launched an investigation, but haven’t yet been able to halt the contract.

What Else?

President Trump formally nominated Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court on Saturday, and Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham has set a timeline to have the committee approve her on October 22. Several Senate Democrats have pledged not to meet with Barrett, and several Republicans have absurdly/falsely/slanderously accused them of hating Catholics.
The first presidential debate will take place in Cleveland, OH, on Tuesday night, sans any fact-checking from moderator Chris Wallace. Joe Biden has been preparing so diligently that journalists are whining that he won’t talk to them, while Trump has been golfing, refusing to practice, and demanding that Biden pee in a cup. Elon Musk’s vote naturally hangs in the balance.
Former Trump campaign manager Brad Parscale was hospitalized after his wife called 911 to report that he was armed and threatening suicide. Parscale was in the house with ten guns when police arrived, and his wife told officers that he had hit her days earlier, according to the police report.
Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross has announced October 5 as the “target date” for ending the Census count, in spite of a court order to continue counting efforts through the end of October. Keep that law and order comin’!
After the Trump campaign cited nine discarded ballots in Pennsylvania to baselessly accuse Democrats of trying to steal the election, GOP leaders of the Pennsylvania legislature have petitioned the Supreme Court to please overturn a state supreme court ruling requiring that absentee ballots be counted after November 3.
CDC Director Robert Redfield was overheard on a phone call expressing concern about Trump’s favorite coronavirus adviser Scott Atlas: "Everything he says is false.” We would politely implore Dr. Redfield to say it to America’s face.
A major hospital chain was hit with a cyberattack over the weekend, forcing some hospitals to resort to working with pen and paper. It was potentially the largest medical ransomware attack in U.S. history.
The Rock has endorsed Joe Biden for president, in his first-ever public presidential endorsement. The Rock has also founded Vote Save America, according to his Instagram bio, a claim that you will not hear anyone at this company deny.

Be Smarter

Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign targeted a list of millions of Black voters as part of an extensive effort to deter them from voting, according to a data leak obtained by the British news network Channel 4. A database used by Trump’s digital campaign team separated files on nearly 200 million American voters into eight categories. One category, “Deterrence,” was assigned to 3.5 million Black voters; Black Americans were disproportionately marked “Deterrence” in key swing states, and people of color made up 54 percent of that category overall. Combine that racially targeted deterrence with the fact that the Trump campaign and the RNC have been building a vast election-disputing legal team for the past year, and you’ve got a pretty good picture of how hard Republicans are working to convince Democratic voters that their votes don’t matter. Because, of course, they do.

What A Sponsor

Innocent people murdered at the hands of police. A broken unemployment system in Florida. Crowded elections in Wisconsin during a global pandemic. Rampant political corruption in the state of Georgia.
None of these things had to happen. A new podcast, Made to Fail, connects the dots between these government failures and pulls back the curtain on the conservative policies that time and time again have failed millions of people across the country.
In the end, these government failures weren’t by accident. They were by design.
Get the full story. Download Made to Fail today wherever you get your podcasts.
Via Apple Podcasts Via Spotify Via Google

Is That Hope I Feel?

A Georgia judge has dismissed a lawsuit seeking to purge 14,000 voters from the rolls in Fulton County.
Your donations have allowed South Carolina Democratic Senate candidate Jaime Harrison to add nearly $16 million to his TV ad spending—more than Lindsey Graham spent on his whole 2014 re-election campaign.
Maryland will become the first state to ban foam takeout containers.
These photos of therapy dogs at Children’s National Hospital in Washington, DC, are nothing if not, well, therapeutic.

Enjoy

julian is a girls name too on Twitter: "can’t even think of a caption, I’m just absolutely over the moon about these pics"
submitted by kittehgoesmeow to FriendsofthePod [link] [comments]


2020.09.29 12:03 remote-enthusiast Collection of 49 remote jobs published recently

Hello friends! These are the open remote positions I've found that were published today. See you tomorrow! Bleep blop 🤖
submitted by remote-enthusiast to remotedaily [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 22:47 ar_david_hh Sep/28/2020 wrap-up: \\ September War in Karabakh-Artsakh \\ Azerbaijan sustains colossal human & equipment damages, censors media; death toll rises on both sides \\ Armenians shoot jet and drones \\ areas liberated \\ volunteer movement across diaspora \\ world responds \\ chronological details...

This is your daily semi-chronological report with a collection of all the notable events and footage. Read yesterday's report here.

September Battles / night of 28th

Context on how the large-scale attack was launch on Artsakh borders yesterday.
A video showing what could be Syrian mercenaries imported to Azerbaijan with the help of Turkey. There were reports of them chanting Arabic phrases.
https://twitter.com/Kornelij/status/1310199455195561986
Syrian organization "Human Rights Organization - Afrin" published the names of 7 Syrian groups that were sent to Azerbaijan and the number of soldiers that died during the September 27 clashes.
Each group sustained dozens of losses. The organization has also published names of independent Syrian mercenaries not part of the aforementioned groups. Armenian govt-run media agency has earlier reported 81 losses among Syrian mercenaries.
https://168.am/2020/09/27/1373904.html , https://t.me/wargonzo/3476
The aftermath of a failed Azeri advancement. Armenian soldiers extracting equipment from the dead bodies.
NSFW video: https://twitter.com/i/status/1310328463727894528
Yesterday Armenia announced 16 deaths and 100 wounded and said over 200 Azeris were killed. An Azeri outlet later reported the loss of 410 Azeri soldiers.
Journalist: "... Azerbaijan blocked internet for own citizens, published almost no data on casualties. Complete silence." https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310323947163054082
Video of an unexploded Azeri missile:
https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310335653545209856
A pregnant Armenian woman was wounded yesterday. She and the baby are fine. She gave birth to a boy and named her Monte. 💋
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196915 , https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197047
Interview with the man who lost his child and mother in law during the Azeri attack:
https://factor.am/288003.html
During a press conference, the Artsakh army gave away candy they "confiscated" from the [deceased] Azeri soldiers.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196910
2:50 am: The flag of Artsakh Republic was projected on the Mother Armenia statue in the Victory Park in Yerevan. Hashtag WeWillWin.
https://youtu.be/c0yvh8xRZP0
3:21, Artsakh President: Azerbaijan failed to realize its plans. And yes, it was a pre-planned offensive. Azerbaijan has 100s of casualties, tanks and equipment. Armenian forces fully control the situation along the Line of Contact.
https://twitter.com/Pres_Artsakh/status/1310356036134604801?s=09
3:23 ARM gov: many Artsakh civilians spent the night in bomb shelters.
Photo: https://twitter.com/armgov/status/1310356643746664458?s=09
 
Russian WarGonzo military reporters say Azeri forces, under the cover of Turkish drones, tried to unsuccessfully take the northern freeway connecting Armenia and Artsakh. Armenian forces destroyed the Azeri column but the road is currently closed because part of it was damaged by Turkish drone attacks. The second road is being used.
https://t.me/wargonzo/3477 , https://t.me/wargonzo/3478
 
world response
U.S. Congressman Frank Pallone condemned the escalation by Azerbaijan and Turkey. "We need to take steps to hold the two aggressors accountable."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029166.html
U.S. Congressman Bred Sherman: We must condemn this aggression and urge Baku to cease offensive military action and return to the peace table. We should halt military aid to Azerbaijan and urge Turkey to abstain from sending arms or fighters.
https://twitter.com/BradSherman/status/1310335797799813122?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw
U.S. State Department condemned "external powers" (cough Turkey cough) for escalating the situation in the region.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029167.html
President Donald Trump says they're closely monitoring the situation will try to establish a ceasefire.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029170.html
U.S. presidential candidate Joe Biden condemned Russia for selling weapons to both countries, urged for installation of ceasefire monitoring mechanisms, and called for the U.S. to make sure the American weapons aren't used for attacks.
https://news.am/arm/news/604513.html
Russian govt outlet Channel 1 had a neutral coverage. Russian opposition Rain TV's analyst accused Azerbaijan of starting the war, citing reports of prior preparation, civilian vehicle collections, Turkish meddling, etc.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJBvtiqZB2w
2 Azeri missiles fell in Iranian territory: https://factor.am/288113.html
 

September Battles / morning of 28th

early morning Azeris resumed the war across the border in the morning. Russian reporter posted a video of Armenian reinforcements traveling to the capital Stepanakert. Several ambulance vehicles are seen on the highway.
https://t.me/wargonzo/3480 , https://t.me/sashakots/16968 ,
Armenia sustained 15 more losses and 100 wounded (total 31 deaths, >100 wounded), Azerbaijan has >200 losses as of yesterday.
https://news.am/arm/news/604522.html
Video of an [unexploded?] SMERCH missile fired by Azerbaijan:
https://youtu.be/ZtkJE2XZmtU?t=4
7:39: a rumor circulated from a sketchy Azeri social media outlet that an Azeri general Mais Barkhudarov was captured by Armenians last night. He is a major figure and was promoted as general after April 2016 bates. No official sources confirmed the rumor.
What do we know so far? General Barkhudarov was promoted and was leading the Azeri 2nd corps. Yesterday, the Armenian army reported capturing Azeri vehicles belonging to 2nd corps after a counter-attack.
Later, Armenia officially denied capturing the general but said they haven't identified all the dead Azeri bodies after last night's battles, so the general's body could, in theory, be among them.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196921 , https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310467943310950401?s=19 , https://azertag.az/en/xebePresident_Ilham_Aliyev_viewed_newly_built_school_in_Jojug_Marjanli-1073506 , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029163.html, https://factor.am/287679.html
8:10: Artsakh president posted a photo with volunteers. "They are one of the hundreds of our volunteer groups that have been going to the front lines since yesterday. This is the phenomenon of the invincibility of our people. The victory will undoubtedly be ours. Glory to the Armenian people."
https://news.am/arm/news/604524.html
8:17 ARM Army: we scored significant successes last night. The Azeri reports about our losses are exaggerated. It's still tense. There is an ongoing artillery battle.
Artsakh president: Last night our Army carried out several brilliant military operations. We recovered several lost positions and advanced in other instances. I'm proud and thankful to our army for the high spirit and readiness.
https://news.am/arm/news/604526.html , https://news.am/arm/news/604540.html
8:22: Artsakh is preparing for a.... major construction project? Every excavator, bulldozer, and crane operator with experience shall report to the Ministry of Urban Development.
https://news.am/arm/news/604527.html
8:36: Armenian army reports successes in all 3 regions (south, north, north-east). Several positions, which Armenians lost yesterday, were liberated. Azeris sustained heavy casualties.
A video containing a blurred out footage of several dozen Azeri soldiers who were killed during these fights. It includes at least one Captain:
NSFW video: https://youtu.be/lR5NbauENY8 , https://t.me/reartsakh/3545 , https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196930
8:57: Orbeli research center says they have a source that revealed the names of many Azeri dead soldiers, many of whom went unreported. Orbeli posted a "fraction" of the list containing 22 names and where they were killed.
https://news.am/arm/news/604534.html
9:02: Russian outlet WarGonzo, citing its sources in Istanbul, says Turkey is preparing to send its "Brigade of Commandos" to directly aid Azerbaijan, due to Azerbaijan's failed blitzkrieg yesterday.
https://t.me/wargonzo/3481
 
Before we continue... what's happening around the world today?
U.S. Senator Bob Menendez condemned the Azeri attack and called it yet another planned aggression by Turkey. "Trump administration should end the security aid to Azerbaijan."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029174.html
Russian MFA is in touch with the Turkish MFA about the escalation.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029239.html
Francophone chairwoman Louise expressed support for Armenia.
https://twitter.com/LMushikiwabo/status/1310238350721327105?s=19
A group of Armenian NGOs wrote a report titled "corruption leads to war" in which they talk about Aliyev's lengthy rap sheet of corruption, his disregard for Armenian and Azeri human rights, and violations of Vienna conventions during wars.
https://news.am/arm/news/604536.html
Austrian MP Gudrun Kugler urged the international community to broker peace after "the attack on ethnic Armenian villages" in Artsakh.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029198.html
Ukrainian MP Artem Dmitruk expressed willingness to travel to Armenia and help the Armenian people.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029209.html
European MP Lars Patrick Berg condemned the Azeri aggression with the help of Turkey and urged the world to unite and force Azerbaijan to stop.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029208.html
European EPP MP Michael Galler and S&D MP Tonino Picula urged Azerbaijan to immediately stop the war and return to the negotiating table.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029234.html
Several Greek diplomats expressed support for Armenia:
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029266.html
Forbes wrote an article about Turkey using its TB2 Bayraktar drones in Artsakh:
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029280.html
European MP Charlie Weimers criticized the "Azeri dictator":
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029324.html
European Parliament's largest EPP party has called for a ceasefire and a return to pre-September 27th positions.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029326.html
U.S. Congressman Bred Sherman called for the US to end military aid to Azerbaijan.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029322.html
Ethnic Kurdish QP MP Knyaz Hasanov, citing Turkey's "genocidal mistreatment of Kurds", called for the Kurds in Turkey, Syria, and Iraq to support Armenia to prevent the Turkish-Azeri aggression.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029225.html
MFA Mnatsakanyan has been giving interviews to French, Arabic, and other outlets since yesterday. He condemned Turkey's involvement and Azeri aggression.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029286.html
Reuters wrote an article speaking about the Syrian mercenaries that Turkey transported to Azerbaijan. Two of these mercenaries revealed how they were picked up from northern Syria. They are being paid $1,500/mo.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029315.html
Turkey accused OCSE of inaction and said "the conflict should be resolved now". He accused Russia, the US, and France of not doing anything for 30 years.
Russian Parliament's foreign affairs committee MP Elena Panina accused Erdogan of pouring fuel on the fire. "He wants to preserve his <> image but he should know that this conflict isn't beneficial for Turkey, either."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029262.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029293.html
European Court for Human Rights has accepted Armenia's petition against Azerbaijan for the bombing of civilians. It'll be discussed in an expedited manner. Armenia wants Azerbaijan to stop shelling civilians.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029291.html
Dutch nationalist MP Greet Wilders compared Erdogan to a terrorist, called for Turkey to be kicked out of NATO, compared Azerbaijan with thugs, and urged for "support for Christian Armenian friends."
https://factor.am/287789.html
Belarus/CSTO struck a more neutral tone this time, unlike in 2016 when they "sided" with Azerbaijan. Today they "sincerely asked" both sides to end the bloodshed. (but why didn't Pashinyan become a Belorussian opposition activist last month? /s 🤔 )
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029274.html
CSTO military bloc called for an immediate ceasefire. Critics accused the bloc of being slow. "Even NATO condemned the escalation hours after it began."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029307.html
A 6-minute collection of how world media is covering the war.
https://youtu.be/RDm5ayqEAYs
The Turkish Lira has been plummeting recently. It dived another 1.5% this morning against U.S. Dollar, reaching 7.79₺ for $1.
The BRENT oil price is at $42, much lower than what Azerbaijan had anticipated for balancing its 2020 budget.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029243.html
Saudi Arabia placed an embargo on Turkish products (for other reasons). They are pressuring Saudi companies to stop trade with Turkey, under the threat of penalty. Saudis are told not to travel to Turkey.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029247.html
Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict spirals out of control and turns into a keyboard battle between Indians and Pakistanis. Pakistan supports Azerbaijan for jihadist reasons. Some Pakistani internet users thought just because their Govt does it, they should do, too. When Indians noticed that their foe Pakistanis support Azerbaijan, they began keyboard-ing for Armenia. Is this how WW3 begins? 🤔
https://twitter.com/Kornelij/status/1310454119728119809?s=19
 
back to the military events
9:20 am: WarGonzo military journalists went to Artsakh villages near the border.
Aftermath video: https://t.me/wargonzo/3492
9:32: the reported losses as of right now: Armenia 31 dead, >100 wounded. There are also reports of several tanks, missile units, and vehicles being destroyed, but the accurate number is unknown for now.
Azerbaijan: >200 losses. 4 helicopters. 27 drones. 36 tanks and infantry combat vehicles, 2 armored engineering vehicles, 11 armored vehicles.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029180.html
The Azeri govt is hiding the names of dead soldiers to conceal the true numbers, but Azeri civilians report it themselves whenever there are things such as a funeral. Razminfo scrapped a list of 27 names from social media by using just this method.
https://razm.info/146431
9:50: the govt recently passed a law allowing Healthcare Ministry to control private clinics during an Emergency. The Ministry issued an order to all medical centers across Armenia to provide only urgent care so there will be enough free beds if necessary.
https://factor.am/287668.html
10:08 ARM army: the Azeri claims that we have hundreds of deaths is a lie. We published the names of all who died.
https://factor.am/287679.html
10:42 ARM army: Azeris panicked after sustaining large human and technical losses in the south and used large-caliber TOS missiles ineffectively. They're lying about heavy Armenian losses.
Video of Azeri TOS: https://t.me/reartsakh/3557
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029189.html
https://t.me/reartsakh/3555
10:45 ARM: Azerbaijan is shelling the civilians in Artsakh's Martuni city.
https://t.me/reartsakh/3556
10:48: WarGonozo journalist went to the frontline and discovered remnants of a downed Azeri flying object. They couldn't identify what it was but they assumed it was part of a jet.
Video: https://t.me/wargonzo/3496 , https://t.me/wargonzo/3497
11:11 ARM army: the number of wounded went from 100 yesterday to 200 today.
https://t.me/reartsakh/3558
11:12 ARM army: please stop spam-calling your friends and relatives in Artsakh. It has overloaded the local Telecom network which can damage our efforts. If your soldier-son connects to a cellphone while in the frontline, his position could be exposed by the enemy tech. (a foreign journalist was unable to call to Artsakh due to the network being down.)
https://factor.am/287679.html
https://t.me/sashakots/16976
11:16: Armenia will not ask the CSTO military bloc for help, said Armenian ambassador.
https://t.me/reartsakh/3559
11:38: Azerbaijan is doing a [partial] army draft, too.
https://factor.am/287721.html
12:12: one of the fallen Armenian soldiers was Hasmik Arzumanyan. She was from Noravan village. Today a female Armenian Parliament MP asked the army to enlist her.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196950
12:27: video of a downed Azeri drone being collected by Armenian villagers from a field. #բերքահավաք
https://youtu.be/fMrWEjeHNL8
13:31: first lady Anna Hakobyan visited bomb shelters in the capital Stepanakert to meet the locals. A boy celebrated his 6th birthday in a shelter last night.
Photos: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029215.html
13:48 Armenian MFA: Artsakh is fighting against the Azeri-Turkish alliance. Turkey is directly involved and is supplying personnel and equipment. They are helping Azerbaijan to continue the century-old genocidal activities in the South Caucasus. The Turkish-Azeri murderous alliance is a threat to the people of this region. Armenia and Artsakh are determined to resist and neutralize the threat. Azerbaijan will be forced to cease its attempts to solve the conflict with the use of force.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029219.html
14:05 Artsakh army: we are currently dealing heavy blows to the enemy in the frontlines. Azeri forces, joined by Turkish and terrorist groups, are receiving a harsh response. They are spreading misinformation about big successes.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029221.html
14:25 BHK MP addresses Azeri minorities: My message is to ethnic minorities of Azerbaijan: the Talysh, Tat, Tsakhur, Avar, Lezgins. Open and read the names of Azeri soldiers who were killed. They are mostly minorities. Why is Aliyev's fascist regime using you and your children as pawns? Take your kids away. Shield them. Disobey Aliyev's orders. This is not your war. They are sending you to die on the Armenian Karabakh mountains. Save your children's lives. Today Aliyev stopped international flights to prevent you from leaving in the event you don't want to take part in his crime.
https://youtu.be/Us5ocigv4z8
14:43 ARM army: the density of artillery strikes is unprecedented for this region. Our artillerymen shine with their literacy.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029231.html
15:00: the Armenian death toll is 58 as of right now. (evening update: 84)
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029237.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029358.html
15:04 what did Pashinyan and Aliyev agree upon during Dushanbe Meeting in 2018?: During an interview, Pashinyan said that when there was a mass pro-democracy movement in Armenia in 2018, he launched an open dialogue with the Azeri public to talk about internal Azerbaijani issues. The excited Azeri public made calls for a similar revolution in Azerbaijan.
When he met Aliyev, the latter asked him to tone down the pro-democracy rhetoric aimed at the internal Azerbaijani situation, because Aliyev had concerns that the situation was destabilizing in Azerbaijan "and could threaten his dictatorial regime."
"Aliyev didn't care about the Karabakh conflict. He was afraid that the wave of revolution would reach him."
Pashinyan exposed the aforementioned in response to Aliyev's claim that Pashinyan had asked Aliyev for "time" to sort things out in Armenia after the revolution.
Pashinyan confirmed the existence of this agreement with Aliyev, saying "internal issues in Azerbaijan is not on my agenda" and this "agreement helped establish peace on the border and save Armenian lives".
Context: Armenia and Azerbaijan would end up establishing a lengthy ceasefire until a verbal escalation by Azerbaijan in 2019, followed by Pashinyan's claim that "if Azerbaijan refuses to discuss the possibility of Artsakh being free then Artsakh is Armenia, period". This phrase was followed by a brief period of verbal exchange, but the two sides relaxed and even organized a surprised humanitarian mission in which Armenian and Azeri journalists visited one another's country to "move people closer". Things got worse again in 2020 after the oil plummeted to record-low and Turkish currency kept nosediving amid a worsening economy and Erdogan's reckless foreign policy.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029236.html
15:15: Azeri government is censoring the internet for citizens. Access to several independent outlets was impossible.
https://factor.am/287883.html
15:24: Armenian Parliament voted 118-0 to pass a resolution condemning the Azeri aggression. Opposition BHK has also drafted a bill to officially recognize the Artsakh Republic as an independent state.
Ruling QP MP said "the people of Artsakh have the right to self-determination. It is enough for us to solely rely on international organizations for Artsakh recognition."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029241.html
15:28: Azeri drones were spotted above Martakert.
Video: https://youtu.be/DdnoCaNE1IM
15:32: SOAD's Serj Tankian released a new video of "Artsakh Song"
https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=671187080503335&extid=1GFfDSSdET2qKS2y
15:38: Yezidi-Armenians are volunteering to join the army. "The citizens enlist in the army for the sacred cause of defending the Homeland," said the leader of the National Union on Yezidis of Armenia.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029245.html
16:03 ARM army: we are fully monitoring the situation. We have a good opportunity for further success.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029250.html
16:16: Armenian side released footage showing the destruction of several Azeri equipments with the use of laser-guided missiles.
Video: https://www.facebook.com/100000785095088/videos/3279801298722674/?extid=Es54zHCjCIKM9uj3
16:24 ARM army: Azeris launched a tank attack in the south-eastern region but met resistance and lost 10 pieces of equipment.
Video: https://youtu.be/szU0qdF-VO4
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029256.html
16:25: 20,000 Armenians living in Russia have contacted the Armenian Center in Moscow with a willingness to travel and join the army.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196987
17:15: an Azeri drone was spotted above Armenian journalists in Martuni, Artsakh. They ran away from nearby cars just in case. No explosions.
Video: https://youtu.be/5UdI2YO-kNI
17:16: another Azeri tank advancement was stopped on the southern borders.
Video of their destruction: https://www.facebook.com/100000785095088/videos/3280276455341825/?extid=s8TBCCxUIk9PZAW9
17:25 ARM army: the opponent was thrown back in the south after suffering 10 equipment losses, mostly tanks. In the north, they shelled civilian settlements. The battle continues.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029275.html
17:45: Earlier it was reported that a total of 200 were wounded. Half of them were very minor injures and the soldiers are back in front lines. (58 deaths, 120 wounded as of right now)
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029282.html
18:10: Azeri authorities arrested an Azeri activist Giyas Ihrahimov "for writing anti-war posts on social media". The cops initially wanted to take him to a military commissariat.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029289.html
18:45: the Armenian church has summoned a meeting to create a plan of action. It began with a Պահպանիչ prayer. They'll contact the international community.
[link 404]
Expert: Azeris are active on Twitter. Armenian govt began providing many images to the international press, which is important. The world is just now trying to understand what's happening.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197011
19:02 cyber-expert Martirosyan: I have info that Armenia has invited many journalists. We are more active in the information field.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196956
19:19 Education Minister: now is the time to use your multi-lingual skills to share information on Facebook, Twitter, etc. Links to official channels inside:
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197005
19:10: Armenia denies the Azeri reports of a high-ranking Armenian officer's death.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029299.html
19:26 Artsakh president: the enemy is failing everywhere in front of our feet. Thousands of volunteers have already joined the army. Many of those whom we planned to call for the draft have already reported-in. Hundreds of diasporan-Armenians expressed willingness to join. This unity will make our victory unstoppable. հաղթանակը մերն է:
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029304.html
19:57 ARM army: Azerbaijan has so far sustained >400 deaths, 36 drones, 47 armored equipment (tanks, BMP, etc.). The main battles are in the north, south, and south-east.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029311.html
20:30: Video of Armenian volunteers, old and young, lined up to join the army. Տրամադրությունը մարտական։
https://youtu.be/t5eOxQ31uNM
20:54: around 4pm the Armenian hackers defaced Ilham Aliyev's official website, placed a message calling for Armenians to unite, then took the website down.
https://factor.am/288083.html
A collection of Armenian army attack videos. These are YouTube links in case you don't have Telegram.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-4ErVSt19I
https://youtu.be/TuMIoR5yEII
https://youtu.be/szU0qdF-VO4
20:58 ARM army: Azeris launched a widespread attack in the south near Araks River and northern Talish-Mataghis. They lost 22 tanks and 10 vehicles. 370 Azeri soldiers were destroyed. 35% of their wounds are heavy.
⚡⚡ https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029319.html
20:59 Artsakh president about the latest Azeri push: From Omar to Araks, the enemy used hundreds of tanks and vehicles and lost dozens of tanks. They have almost no advancement. They only took a few positions. In war, you give and take positions. When you retake, you don't give back. This will be our last and most important battle. We will bring them to the knee in a few days.
Video: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029321.html
21:02: 46 fallen Armenian soldiers have received a medal posthumously.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029320.html
21:27 Armenian ambassador to Russia: we will use the Iskander missile system if Azerbaijan uses the Turkish F-16 fighter jet.
https://factor.am/288107.html
22:00 Artsakh president: I lost count on the number of Azeri equipment we shot. Our goal is to destroy as we did in the 1990s. No, the rumors about us retaking Lele Tepe hill are false. There are no significant strategic capturing by either side. Neither side has captured/lost any մարտավարական կարևոր դիրք.
https://youtu.be/8u3ZFlXDUFE , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029343.html
22:10: photo of a downed Azeri drone in Spitakashen village:
https://news.am/arm/news/604725.html
22:12: Armenian soldiers shut down an Azeri fighter jet that was flying near Martakert, Artsakh.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029331.html
22:23: Armenian reservists won't be allowed to freely leave the country, as the army may need their help.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029339.html
21:42: the UN Security Council will summon a closed-door emergency meeting tomorrow.
https://factor.am/288110.html
22:19 Artsakh president: Azeris launched a large assault on Mount Mrav this afternoon but didn't have any success.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197046
23:22: footage from front lines while Armenian artillery conducts strikes.
https://youtu.be/juMSgvS-BIk
00:31:: many ethnic Armenians living in Georgia's southern Javakh region have gathered near the border with an attempt to cross the border. Those without an Armenian passport are having difficulties. They began singing "hayer miatseq".
https://t.me/reartsakh/3615 , https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310667045885837315?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw

Martuni city

Video shows the damage done by the Azeri attack on civilian houses in Martuni city.
https://youtu.be/JUgi8s_iKhY

donation for the Artsakh Republic

All-Armenia Fund launched a donation campaign for the Artsakh Republic yesterday. They've collected $1.4m so far. They accept PayPal, too. Links to donation sites, account details, etc.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029309.html
Those who live in Russia can contact the Armenian embassy for donations.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029308.html
1000plus.am is another official army fund page that accepts donations. (you might have to teach Cloudflare what a bicycle looks like first)
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029308.html

Tigran Petrosyan is back

Chess.com organized a Pro Chess League competition. The Armenian Team was consisted of several Armenians, Indian, and Iranian players. They made it into the finale where they played against the St. Louis Team whose member is Fabio Caruana.
Armenia's Tigran Petrosyan defeated Caruana. The Armenian team won the match and became the champions. They also won it in 2018.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029210.html

Armenian students won 5 medals

... in the Math Olympiad. 2 silver, 3 bronze, 1 award.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197050

COVID stats

+1,935 tested. +174 infected. +52 healed. 4,657 active.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029190.html
 
You've read 3764 words.
submitted by ar_david_hh to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 17:13 e_m_b_e_r My first ever pc build

Hello good community!
I was wondering if any of you guys could help me out with the compatibility of the components, and how will it perform in general. I am willing to change any component to a lower price if some components are overly expensive as well.
These would be the components:
Part Price Name
GPU $305.96 XFX RX 5600 XT THICC PRO
CPU $244.38 AMD Ryzen 5 3600
Motherboard $175.24 Asus B550
Case $80 Corsair 400D
PSU $60 Montech 650W
RAM $57.10 T-force 2x8 Gb
Storage $73.85 Samsung 500gb SSD Nvme
Total $1014.51
Side note: I am not a native American, nor native English speaker, so I may be off on some data or technical terms.
If you have any questions let me know :D
submitted by e_m_b_e_r to PcMasterRaceBuilds [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 16:27 mirroring_ Foundational Critiques of Karl Marx

  1. Labor theory of Value
The insistence that value should be inextricably linked to labor, rather than acknowledging that value is purely subjective. The LTV also states that profit comes from unpaid labor, which is false, because owners provide value to society, and are paid for it. There is no reason to think that profits come from other people not being paid for labor they're performing.
Marx's theories are not based on historical data, which was both unavailable at the time, and not possible to process as statistical analysis. Further, he made a central assumption that there is infinite capital accumulation. This is not necessarily the case, and wealth distribution can be managed through the tax system (progressive income tax and a inheritance tax are examples). Or, during times of war the wealth distribution tends to sort of reset. This makes the 'inevitable revolution' when wealth has concentrated enough preventable.
(Pikkety dedicated a large part of his capital in the 21st century book about this discussion. He ultimately comes to the conclusion that the theory doesn't hold up because capital does not accumulate infinitely)
Simplest one has to do with the labor aggregation problem. Labor is diverse and extremely heterogenous, the only way to empirically test Marxism would require you to create an aggregation function. An hour of a doctor's labor isnt the same as an hour of a farmers labor. Now you could just hourly earnings as your aggregation function, but this defeats the whole point of LTV as an alternative to marginalism because it would implicitly use the market clearing process to determine labor value.
The post by kohatsootsich (which BainCapitalist links to) is very good, though a bit technical. I will copy here one of my old replies on this subject. It's a bit less technical and should help you understand kohatsootsich's post. To begin with, there is land. By "land" I mean the products of nature, such as the soil and the rays of the sun. Also, things such as deposits of minerals. Let's say we have two products, both of them take the same labour time to produce overall. However, one of them requires more land. For example, let's suppose it takes twenty minutes of SNLT to produce a cabbage and the same time to produce a lettuce. However, it takes more land to produce the cabbage than the lettuce. Since land is scarce that will affect the price. Ricardo used a systems for dealing with land and labour. For land he used a marginalist system and for labour he used LTV. This is not consistent, it cannot produce the correct answers because of the connection between the two of the domains. Wine demonstrate another issue. Mostly, wine improves with age. It improves even without the touch of a human or a machine. Also, older wine is more expensive. How can this work within the framework of the labour theory? Unfortunately it can't, not in any reasonable way. Some labour value theorists would point to the cost of the building to hold the wine. In practice this is small. Other labour value theorists say that the increase in price of the aged wine is compensated for by the decrease in price of some other wine. This view doesn't work. If all wine were aged then it would all rise in price to some degree. This would happen even if the relative price between types of wine stayed the same. People would choose to drink the better wine rather than other drinks. Furthermore, why do wine producers sell wine that's only 2 years old? Why don't they age it for longer? They could sell it for more money if they did. It would take longer for the profit to be realized though. This tells us that there's a time dimension to investment. All things being equal, capitalists want projects that pay them back sooner rather than later. That is, they have time-preference. The problem that wine demonstrates applies to machinery too. All machinery provides it's output over a period of time. Often, machines run at a particular rate per hour. They require a reasonably fixed amount of labour. Increasing the number of people using the machine does not increase the output correspondingly. Let's say I have a lumber mill which requires 10 employees to work on it every day. If one day I increase the number of employees from 10 to 20 that doesn't mean I get twice as much lumber through the mill. This isn't quite like the wine situation. With wine the output arrives at the end of a process. With a machine there is continuous output. I get the first plank of wood out of my lumber mill straight away. But, it may be years until I get the 100000th plank of wood out of it. That plank of wood is rather like the bottle of wine. As a result, I'm waiting for my whole investment to come to fruition. Another important issue is the price of existing capital equipment. Marx believed this could be dealt with through the hours of labour put into making that capital. However, once capital is made it's price can only be determined by supply and demand. Houses are a good example of this. We can pick a type of house, an age of house and a size of house. For example, we could pick 3 bedroom houses built in Dublin in 1990. These houses will probably have used a similar labour time to build. However, the price they exchange at now has nothing to do with that. For example, one house may be in a bad area and may be worth very little. Another house that took the same amount of labour to complete may be in a good area and worth a lot. The price of these houses will change with the production of nearby amenities after they were built. The same is true of commercial building too, and many other types of capital.
OP, the existing answers are great, but I figured I’d point you to this. Disclaimer, obviously the paper is very mathematical. However, the discussion of the model (the intro, the summary, and some of the explanations of the math) might interest you. Long story short, the author was able to derive a Marxian model without even needing the labor theory of value in exchange. Let me know if you have any issues accessing the paper. Econometrica is a top 5 econ journal in case you aren’t aware. Here’s a quote from the conclusion: “The reader may have noticed that the concept of labor value plays no role in describing exchange in this model; it enters only in the definition of exploitation. Although this is unusual in Marxian analysis, it is quite appropriate, as the author believes that the only role labor values should play in a Marxian model is in defining exploitation. Efforts to use labor values in both the theories of exchange and exploitation have led to much obfuscation in Marxian economics.”

**** (complex critiques) ****
There are many.
Some, like the transformation problem Lost_Traveller_ talks about below, require quite technical discussion and a familiarity with Marx's overall goal (in particular, the contents of Kapital 3) to discuss, whereas most people's understanding of LTV comes from reading or (reading summaries) of the first part of Kapital 1. Such arguments are typically not suitable for informal discussion with your friends, so I would avoid them.
An additional problem is that to discuss them in detail requires what I would call gauge-fixing, that is, agreeing on exactly what it is that Marx meant. This is usually hopeless in informal discussion given Marx's tendency to a. explain the same concepts many times in different places with slight variations, and b. be unclear about the level of aggregation relevant to his discussions (a lot of the claims of the LTV are meant to be true "on average", but what does average mean? average over time? average over individuals? how big are the "averaging windows"?).
All that being said, below are some common criticisms that are relatively easy to explain and defend in an informal discussion, without having to constantly refer to Marx's exact words and definitions.
  1. Marx wants to claim that exchange value is completely independent of use value. This is clearly false because truly useless objects have no exchange value. Marxists typically ridicule this as the mud pie argument and point out (correctly) that Marx himself acknowledges that having use value is a necessary condition for the exchange value to be non-zero. However, it's a little hard to swallow that there would be no quantitative relation between the two other than that.
  2. Marx introduces exchange value as a sort of equivalence relation: if two things exchange at a certain ratio, then there must be some "inherent" third thing they are equivalent to. Some people reject the existence of this third quantity as a non-sequitur, but I don't think there is any serious problem there. The part that is unclear is how he goes about equating this inherent quantity with socially necessary labor time. This is never precisely explained. A common interpretation is that SNLT is the single factor which, abstracted from other, "obviously present" factors like demand, determines supply. Note that this is certainly not how Marx explains it. Even Marx seems to acknowledge that whether some amount of labor was really "socially necessary" or not depends on demand: at a given level of technology, it could take you 1hour to make a piece of linen, but if for some reason, a lot more of some better material appeared overnight than previously existed (maybe because it was imported), then some of that 1hr would no longer be socially necessary labor time, because people want less of your linen. How is this bad, you say, if SNLT is defined for a given level of demand (again, this is never made explicit)? The reason is that in this example, demand is clearly related to "use value": the reason demand changed is that a different, more useful material has appeared. This seems to contradict the claim that SNLT is the one thing which determines exchange value, independently of use value.
  3. Related to the previous issue is the fact that Marx agglomerates all types of labor, skilled or not, into a single quantity. It is never explained how this can be done. In the vein of your friend says, some people say any time spent training or educating a worker also goes into the SNLT required to produce whatever they make. However this seems to assume that each hour of training will be linearly distributed over the lifetime of the worker. That is, if it takes 5000 more hours to train a jeweler than cobbler, then those 5000 hours will be distributed accross the exchange value the jeweler adds to each piece and make it comparatively that much more valuable than the value the cobbler adds to each shoe. This is very a strong and somewhat unbelievable assumption.
  4. Related to 3., Marx assumes all value ultimately comes from consumption of labor power. This is highly unclear, because there are other activities, which are not obviously expending "labor power", like eating or listening to a talk, that are also ultimately productive. How should those be counted? A sharpening of this criticism of taking labor power as the ultimate unit of value can be found in Piero Sraffa's famous critique of LTV, Production of commodities by means of commodities.
  5. Marx's idea of SNLT, and the related idea of surplus value, creates a complex entanglement of "exploitation": through the worker's work, it is also his parents, his teachers, his partner, his friends, anyone who has ever helped him, the work of those people who built the machines, books, tools, computers he uses to work and train himself that are all being "exploited", since they also contributed in some manner to the SNLT for whatever he is producing. This is not accounted for in the way Marx defines the rate of exploitation. Of course, it is possible that Marx is only talking about "first order" effects, and by taking proper averages, the dominant term in the rate of exploitation is really just the "exploitation" that falls on the worker. But there is no proof or argument for this anywhere in Kapital.
  6. Any empirical verification of the LTV requires fixing a level of aggregation and selecting quantities which represent Marx's words. There are many ways to do this, so Marxists can forever argue that whenever some empirical result does not confirm the LTV, it is because you did not use the correct averages, the correct definition of SNLT, the correct way to transform such and such skilled labor into "equivalent" unskilled labor, or the correct way of accounting for training or other forms of human capital investments. Because it is undefined in this way, Marxian LTV is fundamentally empirically unfalsifiable.
None of these are completely definitive: because Marx did not write precisely, there is always room for interpretation regarding what he really meant or how serious these objections are in the context of his overarching goal. Also, you should realize that any "serious" Marxist will be aware of these issues and have responses prepared. (Point 4) could have been better formulated. Let me try to rephrase, and keep Sraffa and my example somewhat apart : the criticism of Sraffa and others is that labor plays an undeserved special role in Marx's theory. Why not base the whole theory on some other quantity which is required to create other goods, say corn, and then define a rate of exploitation of corn, etc. Analytically, you would get a strictly equivalent theory. The immediate response that humans are clearly special needs a more detailed development, precisely because Marx wants his theory to be scientific. If you want to argue why human labor is special, you cannot do it on the basis of some moral or metaphysical reason ("it's people we are talking about!"). You have to explain why exploitation of labor power is untenable in the long run, but somehow exploitation of commodities is not. Here exploitation is not in the usual pejorative sense, but in the Marxian sense.
To get to your point: what Marx says is special about labor power is that it is the only commodity whose consumption is productive. He does (as you point out) discuss the labor power contained in machines and intermediate goods for further processing. However something like a book is a final good which everyone can buy, yet its consumption can be productive. This is not accounted for in Marx's theory. You are correct that there is an obvious way in which one might try to account for it, but he didn't. For him, only the capitalist consumes a form of commodity ("labor power") which creates additional (exchange) value in the act of consumption. My point here is that we all do, all the time. Note also that in the case of an abstract commodity like a book, the usual Marxian picture of the amount of time contained in a machine being transmitted to all the goods it is used to make for over its lifetime is a little harder to believe, since the book is basically eternal.
**** (complex critiques) ****
Citations: One, Two, Three, Four, Five

  1. Theoretical critique
Marxism has lots of critics on numerous grounds. The thing that often is connected with why Marxism fails in practice is supposedly the positive conception of a post-capitalist society found in Marx. The funny thing is that Marx doesn't actually provide much of this, so there's a sense in which Marxism is compatible with many different positive conceptions of post-capitalist society. The most popular way of cashing out Marxism with a positive conception of a post-capitalist society is Marxist-Leninism. So if you ask me the thing wrong with Marxism in theory, I will tell you it is the additions made to Marxist-Leninism which is the main issue. As it turns out, authoritarianism is terrible even when a commie does it and democratic centralism is a good excuse to suppress dissent. There's lots of less practical problems with Marxism. I don't think many people are fans of dialectical materialism anymore (though arguably historical materialism has faired much better), I think metaphysical materialism has mostly given away to physicalism, etc which are less metaphysically contentious. I think many people would agree that there are better ways to describe exploitation under capitalism than how Marx does it. I think that Marxist economic predictions about capitalism are not taken very seriously by anybody outside of Marxism (which is okay because I don't think that capitalism has to be inherently unstable for us to believe there is something wrong with it). There's probably lots of other things I disagree with Marxism on, such as Engels' ethical skepticism of sorts, etc. And yet despite all of those things I'm still very leftist. I still believe the feature you mention in your post regarding the notion of property freedom as you call it. I would still have common ground with Marx on numerous other things.
Marx's writing can come across as unilineal-evolutionary, which is not only a mistake in itself but kind of Eurocentric and arguably even racist, though he partly got that feature from Hegel. A good chunk of the early part of Der Einzige Und Sein Eigentum (The Unique and its Property) is Stirner parodying this feature of Hegel and Stirner's own contemporaries, the Young Hegelians, of which Marx was one. For what it's worth, I do think it was an oversight and not some desire of Marx or Engels to denigrate non-Europeans.
Here's an interesting Native American perspective on Marxism.
Citation: One

  1. Ideological and behavioral critique
Richard Wolff, Richard Wolff 2
(to be filled)
submitted by mirroring_ to u/mirroring_ [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 13:01 Perryapsis The Distribution of Votes and Outlier Analysis of the AP Poll (Week 4)

TABLE

HOW TO READ THIS TABLE
Teams are ranked in their order from the AP Poll for the current week. The column to the right of the team name shows the number of points that team received using the AP Poll's Borda Count rules. The following columns show how many votes for each ranking the team received. The "U" column shows how many voters left the team off their ballots entirely. Gridlines are placed every 5 lines for ease of reading. A double-line is placed below the 25th-ranked team to distinguish "ranked" teams above it to "receiving votes" teams below it.
Some cells are shaded to highlight points of interest. The green diagonal highlights how many voters ranked a team exactly where they ended up in the overall poll. For example, Penn State is ranked 10th in this week's poll and 3 voters placed Penn State in their 10th spot. Values for which a team received no votes at that rank are shaded in red, while placements chosen by only exactly one voter are highlighted in blue. The most common selection (the mode) for each team is shaded yellow. Votes that are more than three standard deviations away from the mean are considered outliers and shaded in purple. Finally, since there are very few votes that ever end up near the top-right or bottom-left of the chart, those cells are filled in with black diagonally as much as possible without covering up any nonzero values. This helps naturally guide the eye while viewing the chart and helps identify outlying votes.
NOTES FOR THIS WEEK
The upper Wilner Diagonal was set by 11 voters leaving flair Ohio State unranked, while all but three of the voters who included them put them 4th or higher. The lower Wilner Diagonal is set by Kirk Bohls for ranking flair Kansas State 11th. A total of 174 votes were cast for receiving-votes teams amounting to a total of 758 points (3.8%). 254 votes matched their team's rank exactly this week (e.g. putting the 10th place team at 10, 20th place at 20th, etc). flair Mississippi State has the largest disagreement between voters again this week with a standard deviation of 4.95, almost 20% of the total range. Ohio State is notable for receiving 4 first-place votes while also being unranked by others, the widest possible range for one team. However, since their votes are mostly clustered high, their standard deviation is only 4.22.
With the whole of the FBS eligible to receive votes this week, I wondered how that would effect each conference's totals. You can see it in table form here. The flair B1G and flair PAC-12 received a combined 3,695 points, or 18.3% of all points. The flair Mountain West and the flair MAC received no votes despite being eligible. The flair American received more points than the flair PAC-12. The flair Big XII declined by 38.0%, while the flair ACC and flair SEC declined by only 8.7% and 6.8%, respectively. flair FBS Independents lost 19.6% of their points. The overall effect is an increase of 9.6% for the P5 at the expense of the G5 and independents.
OUTLIER ANALYSIS
Adjusted rankings
This follows the same methodology as my original analysis from the preseason poll. Due to new teams becoming eligible despite no games played, there is a generally wider disagreement between voters this week, leading to larger standard deviations for each team. However, the distributions are narrow enough that omitting top flair B1G teams counted as an outlier. After adjusting for this, flair Ohio State jumps from 6th to 3rd and flair Penn State leapfrogs flair Texas to 9th. Besides that, flair North Carolina and flair UCF flip-flop at 11th-12th. Due to the greater variance in the votes this week, there is actually no shuffling of the receiving-votes teams this week, although the bottom three (flair Army, flair Kentucky, and flair Washington) are removed for lack of any votes remaining.

COLUMN ANALYSIS
I don't know exactly what to call this. Lots of people talk about extreme votes for a given team. "What madlad put flair Oklahoma at 5th? What were they thinking when they dropped Texas to 24th?" and the like. These sorts of things can be seen by looking at a row of the standard table. Nobody asks, "Who is worst team to receive a 8th-place vote (flair)? Who is the best team to get left at 21st by somebody (flair)?" I'm still working on a way to clean this table up and make it look presentable, but here is the raw excel output for this week.

AUSTRALIAN POLL
Flipped-votes rankings
Why not flip all the votes upside down for fun and chaos? Then the goal is to be ranked as low as possible on each ballot, but not get left off of any ballots. This results in a silly ranking, but screw it, why not? flair Pitt tops the Australian Poll this week the same as last week.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I would like to thank u/bakonydraco for providing the data set for this table.

TABLE

No shading

Conference eligibility effects

Outlier-adjusted rankings

Column extremes

Flipped-votes rankings

submitted by Perryapsis to CFB [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 12:26 BlockDotCo Blockchain Use in Intellectual Property

Blockchain Use in Intellectual Property
Link to original article: https://block.co/blockchain-use-in-intellectual-property/
Patents, trademarks, and industrial designs, along with copyrights, are all types of intellectual property protections that help creators of written stories, inventions, artistic works, or symbols to stop people from stealing or copying their pieces of work. In this article, we will examine how blockchain is used in Intellectual Property rights.
Broadly speaking, Intellectual Properties (IP) are “unique, value-adding creations of the human intellect that result from human ingenuity, creativity, and inventiveness.” (Kalanje, 2006).
By observing trends, we can identify a steady increase in the number of Intellectual Property applications worldwide. According to official statistics by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), applications worldwide of patents grew 72.3% over ten years, increasing to 3,326,300 from 2008 to 2018. Trademarks grew an astonishing 160% over the same period, to a record 14,321,800 number of applications, while industrial design applications were 1,312,600, growing by 61%. Every country has a specific authority where to apply for proper protection. However, it is becoming increasingly common that these jurisdictions will utilize blockchain technology to provide a smoother, faster, and cheaper application process and a system that ensures an incorruptible and secure timestamping through the hashing function.
How does it work?
Blockchain ‘trust’ is guaranteed by hashing algorithms, instead of third parties. Since, by default, hashes are unique and cannot be misinterpreted, nor two same hashes can be produced, it’s just easy to identify and match that hash with a unique document creating an unambiguous proof of existence. This way, a permanent ledger of data is created to prove the existence and the lifecycle of a specific IP right, enhancing its protection at a registry or in court.
Blockchain use in Intellectual Property potential is enormous, aiding in the evidence of creatorship and provenance authentication to registering and clearing IP rights; digital rights management; establishing and enforcing IP agreements, licenses, or exclusive distribution networks through smart contracts; and transmitting payments in real-time to IP owners.
In the case of patents, the real benefit of using blockchain lies in the immutable ledger of records with a tamper-proof code providing strong evidence of facts about an invention life-cycle. However, unlike copyrights, any new creation will still have to be patented with the proper authority or anyone else will be free to copy it or claim it without incurring any legal trouble.
https://preview.redd.it/py8eashu7vp51.png?width=940&format=png&auto=webp&s=224cf5fb4087a6100f99a05c19038b18abeca6fa
“Deploying blockchain technology within the patent system could reduce inefficiencies in recording and efficiently agreeing the time of registrations, perhaps across several national patent systems” (Boucher et al., 2017).
In the case of Copyrights, these do not need to be registered with a government authority, therefore blockchain can have a major role in ensuring that evidence can be provided of authorship, use, and status of a specific production. Particularly, in case of disputes in court, blockchain provides strong evidence to prove an inventor’s right on intellectual property, and protect legal rights on authorship. So, when including writing and literary or artistic works, creators get some type of protection automatically via blockchain, whereas with others, they have to apply for it.
Trademarks, on the other hand, are the IP protection type that can most benefit from blockchain because it can easily, quickly, and very cheaply prove how similar are two marks to each other and who can claim to have used it first, providing immutable and timestamped proof of dates and usage. By using blockchain, many of the questions which can arise about exactly when, where, and how the trademark was used, can be instantly answered.
Cyprus-based company Block.co provides services in a range of different industries, and timestamping trademarks on the blockchain is one of them. The company is a spin-off of the University of Nicosia, one of the biggest blockchain contributors globally, and its mission is to eliminate document fraud in all sectors, by transforming the way institutions manage digital records.
International business and technology lawyer Christiana Aristidou makes large use of Block.co’s services and especially in copyrights and trademarks for several of her clients.
“We consider the Block.co solution indispensable towards our objective of constantly enhancing the provision of our legal services through innovative technological solutions. The protection of copyright and other relevant intellectual property rights now involves a simple, fast, automated, and cost-efficient, blockchain-backed certificate issuance. Using blockchain, thereby ensuring a transparent, immutable, secure, time-stamped, and tamper-proof recording of data, the Block.co solution offers a revolutionary and innovative means to protect our clients’ intellectual property, instead of other time-consuming and costly traditional processes.” she recently stated.
“Specifically, our clients’ data and evidence supporting their authorship, invention, or creation of any property that warrants copyright protection, may now be recorded in a digital document, which is then verified in a trusted and time-stamped manner on a blockchain. Our clients retain ownership and control of their data, having been granted easy access to a self-verifiable blockchain-secured certificate of such data.”
Smart Contracts
Smart contracts could also represent an important asset of blockchain technology because they can be used in intellectual property to establish and enforce agreements such as licenses and allow the transmission of payments in real-time to IP owners. Indeed, they allow automatic payments for transactions between users and rights holders with no middle man, thereby cutting out intermediate fees, longer procedures, and bureaucratic hurdles.
https://preview.redd.it/arfnefjx7vp51.png?width=940&format=png&auto=webp&s=78db6dc6f734385de74e2916091fff72e935c4e8
Blockchain in IP around the world
In Europe, various governmental agencies and IP registries such as the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) are actively involved in researching and promoting blockchain capabilities within the industry.
In particular, they believe blockchain can transform IP rights by highlighting, in one of their advanced research forums, that:
  • IP and blockchain are interrelated
  • Blockchain is transformative
  • IP protection will drive innovation in the ecosystem
  • Blockchain technology will transform IP protection and enforcement
  • Blockchain technology provides opportunities for both pirates and law enforcement
In India, the IPO (Indian Patent Office) is working on using blockchain and other innovative technologies like AI and IOT to enable smoother patent processes. A Blockchain-AI-based ecosystem is on the table to manage IP protection in India, intending to produce a much more efficient, straightforward, and faster procedure. IPO recently announced a tender called, “Expression of Interest for Making use of Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, IoT and other latest technologies in the Patent Processing system of IPO”, reinforcing their will to proceed along this line of work and stay up to date with the technological innovation that blockchain, AI and IoT can bring to the benefit of IP rights. A legal framework for a Blockchain-based IP registry to protect and commercialize smart ideas is one of the main and earliest initiatives the IPO is taking for the Indian IP industry.
In the United States, we find a clear example of how blockchain is used to protect American businesses from IPR theft by testing imports. Since blockchain has proven to be beneficial to streamline communication between multiple parties securely, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), with the funding of the Department of Homeland Security’s Science & Technology Directorate, recently completed a proof-of-concept (PoC) of a blockchain platform with that specific aim. Personal data and trade secrets would be kept safe at all times using encrypted keys, with the blockchain acting as an immutable ledger to record trade transactions.
In Southeast Asia, Thailand is leading the way in developing blockchain technology for IP protection. Various organizations and government offices have invested in projects aimed at implementing the tech to make IPR processes more efficient and faster. The Ministry of Commerce has recently launched a feasibility study to explore the use of blockchain for IP registration in the country, while the Thai Trade Policy and Strategy Office (TPSO), in collaboration with the British Embassy, were designated to analyze the study and translate it into action plans for future developments.
Conclusion — Blockchain limits and benefits in IP
As with every new technology, especially the most disruptive ones, setbacks can be both from a technical and a systemic perspective. Enormous processing power and scalability are still the main issues from a technical point, whereas a system that could connect registries across the world through a single distributed ledger represents the main challenge, not only for IP-related industries. Thankfully, Block.co’s solution already uses the Bitcoin blockchain and its network effect for this purpose, envisioning truly decentralized and secure storage for IP rights, that will outlive any issuing institution itself.
An international standardized system and platform that could facilitate global communication and successful management of IP rights via blockchain is an ambition that is reflected in healthcare, law, and many other industries. On the other hand, blockchain based IP rights enforcement is already a huge achievement, especially for those small artists who could not afford teams of lawyers to defend them in disputes to prove records of their authorship.
For more info, contact Block.co directly or email at [email protected].
Tel +357 70007828
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submitted by BlockDotCo to u/BlockDotCo [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 07:34 throwaway7391746 I legitimately hate whenever my country is discussed on reddit

I am Japanese, I live in Japan. I am English/Japanese bilingual and I have lived and worked in both Japan and the United States. And do you know what really bothers me? Any time reddit talks about my country. Every so often a post about Japan will pop up in trending, like the post about the Miss Sherlock actress who committed suicide, or the recent TIL post about Japanese holidays. And in every single thread about Japan the comments are always filled with people who have never been to or lived in Japan, who know literally nothing about Japan, making claims that aren't even true. I don't even know why I click on these threads anymore, I legitimately hate reading them. What makes it even worse is if you link to articles showing that their claims are incorrect they double down.
I'll give an example. One of the many claims is about how "toxic" Japanese work culture is. These people are talking about the work culture of a country they have never lived or worked in, and are talking about thousands of companies as if they are all exactly the same. One of the common reddit claims is about how Japanese people work 18 hours a day and never get to see their families, and yet workers in Japan work less hours in a year than Americans, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, Koreans etc. How is everyone in Japan working 18 hours days every day when we are literally working less than those other countries and they're not working 18 hours a day in those countries?
Another common claim is suicide. I regularly see comments claiming that Japan has the highest suicide rate in the world, and that's not even close to true. According to the WHO Japan's suicide rate (as of a few years ago) is 20.5 deaths per 100,000 population. Comparatively in that same year the rate in the United States was 21.1 deaths per 100,000 population and in Korea it was 29.6 per 100,000. Tell me again how do we have the highest suicide rate in the world? And our numbers are dropping btw.
Another thing I dislike is the "wacky Japan" claims. I remember like 10 years ago there was something going around online about "bagel heads", saying that Japanese people get injections into their head that looks like a bagel. Yeah no we fucking don't.
I hate kpop fans who go around on reddit saying that Japan is so evil because they tried to colonize Korea. That shit happened literally lifetimes ago. Japan has issued apologies to Korea on multiple occasions and paid them and yet it's never good enough. Japan apologized in the 60s, the money that they paid was supposed to go to the victims and the Korean government instead used it on infrastructure. Apparently that doesn't count because their government was very corrupt at that time and the victims didn't get any money, so Japan apologized again in the 90s and set up a private fund so that they could ensure the money actually reaches the victims that time. Still not good enough. And then Japan apologized against a few years ago and paid once more, but apparently that's not good enough because their government was corrupt at that time. But it's cool, it's lots of fun to go on reddit and claim that Japan is so horrible because I like kpop and have never lived in either country and don't knowing what I'm talking about. It's cool to go on reddit and write claims about how all Japanese people hating Korea despite kpop and kdramas being extremely popular in Japan. That's all cool I guess.
I see all kinds of crazy claims about my country on reddit but if I even try to explain that the claims are wrong and link to data which shows this then people argue with me and tell me that I don't know what I'm talking about despite that they don't knowing anything about **my** country. I hate all the false claims, I hate the "wacky Japan" narrative, I hate people who don't know anything about my country trying to tell me about my country. I hate the narrative that treats people from my country like robots who have to act a certain way. I hate the Korean anti-Japan narrative that kpop fans push. Fuck all of that shit man.
submitted by throwaway7391746 to japan [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 02:23 drexTech 🌟GigaTech Store🌟 [H]WINDOWS 10 PRO & SERVER 2016 Office 2019: Tech Support offered!. 5🌟~Debit/Credit Transactions!?🌟~(I accept debit, credit card, Google Pay, Amazon E-Card, BTC,and Venmo..and Paypal) #AEW (ง︡'-'︠)ง

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2020.09.27 09:54 Zelbinian Kickstarter Roundup: September 27, 2020 30+ Ending Soon (including: Streets) & 55+ New This Week (including: The 7th Citadel)

What this is:

This is a weekly, curated listing of Kickstarter board game projects that are either:
  • newly posted in the past 7 days, or
  • ending in the next 7 days (starting Sep 28) and have at least a fighting chance of being funded.
All board game projects meeting those criteria will automatically be included, no need to ask. (The occasional non-board game project may also sneak in!)
Expect new lists each Sunday sometime between midnight and noon PST.

Ending Soon

Project Info Players Backers Min / Avg Pledge Ends Comments
Assault on the Marmot King Assault on the Marmot King is a flip-and-write game, in PnP format,of square puzzle, patterns and road building. // Has raised €2,235 of €250 so far. (~894%) ☑ 1 - 5 362 $2 / €6 Sep 28 kicktraq bgg
CH35S a 2-player, 20 min. war game for $1 // Has raised $1,878 of $35 so far. (~5366%) ☑ 2 362 $1 / $5 Sep 28 kicktraq
Atma: A Roleplaying Card Game A full-fledged RPG in 2 hours. For roleplaying novices and experts alike. // Has raised $29,556 of $20,000 so far. (~148%) ☑ 2 - 5 782 $15 / $38 Sep 28 kicktraq #rpg
Xmas PileUP A pocket-sized, Christmas-themed, stacking-dexterity game for the whole family. Featuring cute Christmas tree shaped meeples! // Has raised £8,181 of £1,000 so far. (~818%) ☑ 2 - 4 362 $13 / £23 Sep 29 kicktraq
WAY OF THE SAMURAI : Blood and Bushido A Solo Card Game of Samurai Fights! // Has raised €44,859 of €5,000 so far. (~897%) ☑ 1 1623 $11 / €28 Sep 29 kicktraq bgg #reprint #expansion
Gone Bunkers A card game for people who love war games and nuking their friends. Did we mention you are also going against robots & aliens? // Has raised $3,138 of $3,500 so far. (~90%) 2 - 6 50 $20 / $63 Sep 30 kicktraq
War and Peace 6th Edition The 6th edition of Mark McLaughlin's War and Peace // Has raised $50,627 of $22,000 so far. (~230%) ☑ 2 474 $39 / $107 Sep 30 kicktraq #newedition
Monsters on Board A spooky dice-drafting game with custom dice, 3D cardboard cars and colorful monster minis // Has raised $186,456 of $30,000 so far. (~622%) ☑ 1 - 4 2643 $54 / $71 Sep 30 kicktraq bgg
Rebellion A Social Deduction Party Game // Has raised $6,636 of $10,000 so far. (~66%) 6 - 17 59 $25 / $112 Sep 30 kicktraq
Cracker Games One giant cracker. Six brilliant games. Reusable, re-playable & plastic-free. The perfect addition to your Christmas table. // Has raised £7,852 of £2,000 so far. (~393%) ☑ varies 227 $13 / £35 Oct 01 kicktraq
RIFTFORCE Elegant deck construction and tense hand management packed in 1 box. A duel game from an experienced team with 3150 possible match ups. // Has raised €23,516 of €10,000 so far. (~235%) ☑ 2 806 $30 / €29 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Autofarmer: The card game A competitive card game about growing cannabis. Withstand nature and opponents in the merciless world of danky dank weed growers. // Has raised $12,506 of $15,000 so far. (~83%) 2 - 4 126 $12 / $99 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg #expansion #reprint
Streets An urban tile laying game for 1-5 players from the designer of Villagers. // Has raised £256,108 of £29,500 so far. (~868%) ☑ 1 - 5 6709 $49 / £38 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
The Pet Cemetery Chain cards together to outwit, outplay, and race your friends to the end in this light 30-min pet monster themed board game. // Has raised C$18266 of C$10000 so far. (~183%) ☑ 2 - 6 364 $30 / C$50 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Philosophia: Floating World An epic sandbox adventure set in feudal Japan. Philosophia: Floating World is a fully simultaneous deckbuilder for 1 to 6 players. // Has raised £63,336 of £24,000 so far. (~264%) ☑ 1 - 6 843 $88 / £75 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Finger Your Friends! YOU ARE THE GAME! Tell awesome stories, answer awkward questions, accept ridiculous challenges & Finger Your Friends! // Has raised $635 of $25 so far. (~2540%) ☑ 4 - 6 21 $25 / $30 Oct 01 kicktraq #nsfw
LG TACTICS - Strategy-Lite Card Game The easy to learn battle game with a clean fantasy style // Has raised $7,306 of $1,250 so far. (~584%) ☑ 1 - ? 292 $15 / $25 Oct 01 kicktraq
Flourish A delightful game about crafting gardens from the creators of Everdell. In English, German, and French. // Has raised $116,989 of $15,000 so far. (~780%) ☑ 1 - 7 3107 $39 / $38 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Twisted's Monstrous Marvels Monumental miniatures hand-sculpted and made in Australia. // Has raised A$17,403 of A$6,000 so far. (~290%) ☑ - 121 $37 / A$144 Oct 01 kicktraq #minis
Devil in the Wilderness Get in on this game of witch hunting in Colonial America.. where you can be the hunter, the hunted... or both! // Has raised $3,117 of $1,500 so far. (~208%) ☑ 2 - 5 35 $15 / $89 Oct 01 kicktraq
Tomorrow Dies Today A strategy board game with 3 game modes: Syndicate (Solo/Cooperative), Mayhem (Team vs Team), and Cutthroat (Competitive/Co-Op Hybrid) // Has raised $18,861 of $15,000 so far. (~126%) ☑ 1 - 6 173 $65 / $109 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
The Reckoners: Steelslayer An expansion to the cooperative board game based on the books by Brandon Sanderson. // Has raised $278,616 of $50,000 so far. (~557%) ☑ 1 - 6 3171 $59 / $88 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg #expansion
Carbon City Zero: World Edition Carbon City Zero: World Edition is a collaborative deck-building game, in which players develop a sustainable city. // Has raised £17,286 of £4,000 so far. (~432%) ☑ 1 - 4 565 $20 / £31 Oct 02 kicktraq bgg #newedition
Code On Code On is a problem-solving card game that involves cracking the genetic code! More details at: http://www.cognition-games.com // Has raised €6,262 of €6,000 so far. (~104%) ☑ 2 - 4 126 $22 / €50 Oct 02 kicktraq
Divine Harem Card Game Let your lust filled needs run wild in this fun and sexy card game, where you must beat your opponents to build a Divine Harem. // Has raised £48,631 of £500 so far. (~9726%) ☑ 2 - 4 566 $32 / £86 Oct 02 kicktraq #nsfw
Oak & Steel a 3.5x game set in the American Old West // Has raised $6,124 of $12,000 so far. (~51%) 2 - 4 149 $45 / $41 Oct 02 kicktraq bgg #take2
Hedgeways Lay your hedges as field boundaries in this timeless game. Who can win by enclosing more land? // Has raised £1,594 of £2,000 so far. (~80%) 2 48 $34 / £33 Oct 02 kicktraq
Embarcadero Build the city of San Francisco on the hulls of abandoned ships during the California Gold Rush. // Has raised $40,671 of $5,000 so far. (~813%) ☑ 1 - 5 739 $60 / $55 Oct 02 kicktraq bgg
As You 'Wich A Hilarious Game for Sandwich Lovers // Has raised $23,814 of $10,000 so far. (~238%) ☑ 3 - 8 558 $20 / $43 Oct 02 kicktraq
FUTURES Imagine and share your stories of alternative future worlds. // Has raised C$5340 of C$2500 so far. (~214%) ☑ 1 - 8 241 $19 / C$22 Oct 03 kicktraq
Name That Puppy A card game for all ages where you compete to pick the best name for different adorable puppies. // Has raised $621 of $500 so far. (~124%) ☑ ? 22 $20 / $28 Oct 03 kicktraq

New This Week

Project Info Players Backers Min / Avg Pledge Ends Comments
'Dogs & Pigs' - 5,000-year-old board game PIECES The game was found intact (minus the board), but NOBODY KNOWS HOW TO PLAY IT // Has raised $24 of $45 so far. (~53%) ? 22 $1 / $1 Oct 23
Awakening of the Gods Memory Board Game // Has raised €71 of €300 so far. (~24%) 1 - 4 3 $41 / €24 Nov 24
Barking Spiders Card Game A card game created for the whole family to enjoy while locked in together breathing each other's fumes. // Has raised $1,425 of $22,000 so far. (~6%) ? 26 $20 / $55 Oct 23
BOCK HERO A beautiful card battle game - with a DRINKING twist - featuring 4 unique factions, and more to come! // Has raised C$1549 of C$9000 so far. (~17%) 2 - 4 29 $23 / C$53 Oct 28
Cactus Town Tension! Chaos! Fun! A fast-playing action programming game for 2-4 players. // Has raised €61,459 of €25,000 so far. (~246%) ☑ 2 - 4 1249 $30 / €49 Oct 20 bgg
Covid-19 Card Game A card game that promotes proper hygiene precautionary measures necessary for the prevention of the Covid-19 virus. // Has raised NZ$1 of NZ$1,500 so far. (~0%) 2 - 6 1 $10 / NZ$1 Oct 13
Crash Octopus Collect the treasures and escape the giant octopus! A super fun, flicking dexterity game from Japan. // Has raised ¥4,050,309 of ¥500,000 so far. (~810%) ☑ 2 - 4 744 $31 / ¥5,444 Oct 27 bgg
Cybersplit Sci-Fi\Cyberpunk resin miniatures for painters, collectors, and tabletop games.28mm, 54mm, 75mm // Has raised C$5442 of C$6000 so far. (~91%) - 56 $16 / C$97 Oct 22 #minis
D12 Domino Deck Double 12 dominoes set in top quality playing card form. The classic casual game for all ages. Portable and convenient. // Has raised £101 of £2,500 so far. (~4%) varies 5 $18 / £20 Oct 01
Dangerous A newly localized card game from a great indie publisher in Japan. // Has raised $1,032 of $500 so far. (~206%) ☑ 2 - 4 61 $18 / $17 Oct 09 bgg
Dinosaur World and Dinosaur Island: Rawr 'n Write Dinosaur World and Dinosaur Island: Rawr 'n Write are two stand-alone games set in the Dinosaur Island Universe! // Has raised $467,423 of $25,000 so far. (~1870%) ☑ 2 - 4 5849 $30 / $80 Oct 16 bgg
DOG CATCHER - THE CARD GAME Fast Paced Trick taking card game with a lovable twist – DOGS. // Has raised $1,605 of $1,250 so far. (~128%) ☑ 2 - 6 35 $20 / $46 Oct 22
Down the Old Rail Line, vol. 1 A single-player journaling game about a bike journey through a fantastical world // Has raised $405 of $100 so far. (~405%) ☑ 1 26 $3 / $16 Oct 09
DRINKIT For each deck : 2 games - 10 ways to play // Has raised €412 of €2,000 so far. (~21%) 3+ 17 $14 / €24 Nov 24 #lolwut #take2
Dungeon Universalis (Second Printing) Dungeon Universalis: the definitive dungeon crawler. // Has raised €349,354 of €80,000 so far. (~437%) ☑ 1 - 6 2253 $41 / €155 Oct 19 bgg #reprint
Galactic Era an innovative, epic space strategy boardgame about Darkness and Light // Has raised €22,426 of €17,700 so far. (~127%) ☑ 1 - 6 294 $69 / €76 Oct 25 bgg #take2
Ganjifa Play Trick-taking game with Indian-style designed cards, temple figures, and wooden chips. Train your memory and tactical skills. // Has raised $2,398 of $7,000 so far. (~34%) 2 - 4 31 $54 / $77 Nov 05 bgg
Gatefall: Lost in the North Woods Expansion The first expansion to Gatefall, with characters created by artist Alexei Konev. // Has raised $30,897 of $35,000 so far. (~88%) ? 683 $39 / $45 Oct 22 bgg #expansion
GEMJI > Limitless Tabletop Experience Multigame System Ultra-compact hybrid magnetic play system that now does 30+ different games and is a 3D constructor, too. But also so much more! SUB! // Has raised $18,336 of $8,000 so far. (~229%) ☑ 1 - 18 287 $10 / $64 Oct 23
Good Strong Hands RPG A darkly whimsical game about saving your fantastical world. // Has raised $7,265 of $3,000 so far. (~242%) ☑ ? 159 $20 / $46 Oct 22 #rpg
Gunslinger A card game of quick-draw duels and survival // Has raised $721 of $20,000 so far. (~4%) ? 12 $25 / $60 Oct 21
Hogs Of War The Miniatures Game A 1-4 Player Tabletop Miniatures Game with Tech-Tree, Hidden Movement and Base-Building mechanics. Solo and Co-op Modes included! // Has raised £94,878 of £18,000 so far. (~527%) ☑ 1 - 4 1026 $88 / £92 Oct 15 bgg
Hybrids A competitive strategy board game featuring disgustingly cute, genetically pliable Blibs. // Has raised $2,032 of $38,000 so far. (~5%) 3 - 6 21 $60 / $97 Oct 25 bgg
Kingdom (2nd Edition) Build your community together. Fight for what you believe in… or watch it burn. A game about communities by the author of Microscope // Has raised $17,840 of $2,500 so far. (~714%) ☑ 2 - 5 638 $10 / $28 Oct 13 #rpg #newedition
LINEHAULER Become King of the Road with the Linehauler Board gameBy Aussie Road Train // Has raised A$900 of A$28,000 so far. (~3%) 1 - 4 13 $36 / A$69 Oct 22
Lord of the Chords: Bach for an Encore! The Punniest Music Theory Card Game - Kickstarter-Exclusive Foil Cards - $230K+ Previously Raised - 6000 First Edition Copies SOLD OUT // Has raised S$56,621 of S$15,000 so far. (~377%) ☑ 2 - 4 754 $38 / S$75 Oct 22 bgg #reprint
Lose your in-laws! The card game that keeps your in-laws out, especially your mother-in-law!! // Has raised €1,278 of €14,100 so far. (~9%) 2 - 6 37 $23 / €35 Oct 23
Lost To Time Embark on an epic adventure and gain unimaginable treasure in this exhilarating and innovative real-time co-operative board game! // Has raised C$13557 of C$27000 so far. (~50%) 2 - 4 226 $49 / C$60 Oct 17 bgg
Machina Arcana ~ To Eternity A dark and immersive experience awaits you and your group of explorers. Travel the unknown, face cosmic horrors and fight for survival! // Has raised $265,568 of $30,000 so far. (~885%) ☑ 1 - 4 3519 $25 / $75 Oct 15 bgg #expansion
Madoshi: Priests of the Sun and Moon A 1 to 2 player pattern-matching game of Japanese magic and elements. // Has raised $1,647 of $3,000 so far. (~55%) 1 - 2 61 $15 / $27 Oct 11 bgg
MAGDA --The Card Game Travel the Universe in this Solo-Play Card Game inspired by 80's sci-fi thrillers. But beware, your AI has grown sentient--and deadly. // Has raised $5,714 of $3,000 so far. (~190%) ☑ 1 160 $20 / $36 Oct 22 bgg
March on the Drina - WW1 World War One strategy board game covering Balkan Peninsula Theater. // Has raised $4,117 of $5,350 so far. (~77%) 2 - 4 75 $55 / $55 Oct 21 bgg
Martial Art: Clans The great clans of Japan rise for war in this tactical card game. // Has raised $4,461 of $3,000 so far. (~149%) ☑ 2 - 4 193 $9 / $23 Oct 22 #expansion
Midnight Pig A game about strategy, survival, monsters and murder. // Has raised £1,342 of £3,000 so far. (~45%) 3 - 6 32 $32 / £42 Oct 25
Mother of Frankenstein An immersive puzzle game based on the life of Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein // Has raised $49,056 of $33,000 so far. (~149%) ☑ 1 - 6 400 $10 / $123 Oct 24 bgg
Neko Harbour: The Card Game A strategy card game that brings 2-4 players to see penguins in Antarctica! // Has raised €5,444 of €5,000 so far. (~109%) ☑ 2 - 4 250 $30 / €22 Oct 20 bgg
Night Parade of a Hundred Yokai Raise an army of supernatural beings to haunt the islands of Japan in this asymmetrical engine building game! // Has raised $35,865 of $10,000 so far. (~359%) ☑ 1 - 4 700 $50 / $51 Oct 15 bgg
Paranoid The brand new party game bringing together secrets, silliness and a healthy dose of Paranoia! // Has raised £411 of £15,000 so far. (~3%) ? 20 $20 / £21 Nov 01
Pets Gone Shady - Card Game A card game that lets you throw octopuses, deal with naked turtles and avoid hangry hamsters! // Has raised $22,155 of $12,500 so far. (~177%) ☑ 2 - 5 449 $20 / $49 Oct 16 #newedition
REKD The Game The new party game for shameless people // Has raised $371 of $3,800 so far. (~10%) 3+ 10 $19 / $37 Oct 16 #lolwut
Return to Planet Apocalypse Two new expansions for the renowned Planet Apocalypse boardgame PLUS a sourcebook to bring the Apocalypse to your D&D 5e campaign // Has raised $468,334 of $50,000 so far. (~937%) ☑ 1 - 5 3345 $69 / $140 Oct 05 bgg #rpg #expansion #reprint
Scrub's Center for American Medicine A card drafting and line management tabletop game to operate the most profitable Ward at SCAM. Everyone is valued at SCAM! // Has raised $1,188 of $10,000 so far. (~12%) 2 - 4 21 $25 / $57 Nov 08 bgg
Set 🔥 Watch: Swords of the Coin ⚔️ The highly anticipated stand alone expansion to our acclaimed 1-4 player cooperative game, Set a Watch // Has raised $126,525 of $20,000 so far. (~633%) ☑ 1 - 4 2862 $28 / $44 Oct 15 bgg #expansion
Shaolia 2nd print & expansion A fast-paced, dueling game of fantasy kingdom building filled with deadly strategy & clever tactics // Has raised $38,299 of $20,000 so far. (~191%) ☑ 1 - 4 647 $25 / $59 Oct 23 bgg #reprint #expansion
SLEEP TIGHT Drag your fears into the light and escape the Sandman in this action card game by waking up and saving your soul before dawn // Has raised $5,321 of $3,500 so far. (~152%) ☑ 2 - 4 302 $20 / $18 Oct 21 bgg
Song of Steel, the miniature game 28mm miniature set, made of metal, core book, cards and tokens, 2 initial races // Has raised €767 of €13,200 so far. (~6%) 2+ 13 $34 / €59 Oct 16
SouthSide Let's take a trip thru the SouthSide with this sick and twisted party game of sex, drugs, and your mom. // Has raised $161 of $19,615 so far. (~1%) 4 - 10 5 $40 / $32 Nov 24 #lolwut
Stage 3 4 player co-op game. You play as a health worker to slow the spread of infections and limit the number of patients heading to the ICU // Has raised A$2,953 of A$28,000 so far. (~11%) 4 32 $50 / A$92 Oct 22
Temple of Caelum Only by uniting forces can the Heroes of Caelum and the Daughters of Hell stop this destruction and save our worlds! // Has raised $475 of $35,000 so far. (~1%) 2 - 4 12 $70 / $40 Oct 18
Ten Suns: Dawn of China You are invincible, but your power is fading as time passes. Solidify your authority among the Gods of China before you grow too weak. // Has raised S$13,365 of S$9,000 so far. (~148%) ☑ 2 - 6 346 $20 / S$39 Oct 06 bgg
THE 7th CITADEL After The 7th Continent, explore the world of the Collapsing Lands! // Has raised €1,527,574 of €300,000 so far. (~509%) ☑ 1 - 4 21599 $81 / €71 Oct 15 bgg
The Dragon & Flagon: The Brew That Is True A freshly brewed expansion for Dragon & Flagon! // Has raised $11,592 of $3,000 so far. (~386%) ☑ 2 - 8 288 $30 / $40 Oct 09 bgg #expansion
The Heist: Card Game The Heist is a fun social deduction game for up to 8 players. take on your role as a cop or robber and complete your objective. // Has raised $3 of $2,500 so far. (~0%) 4 - 8 3 $12 / $1 Oct 31
The Landing: Gallipoli, 1915 A quick solo historical game of the first day of the Australian and New Zealand Corps' amphibious assault at Gallipoli. // Has raised $3,404 of $300 so far. (~1135%) ☑ 1 104 $25 / $33 Oct 08 bgg
The Thing - The Boardgame The official board game inspired by the 1982 movie The Thing. // Has raised €208,287 of €42,000 so far. (~496%) ☑ 1 - 8 2726 $93 / €76 Oct 14 bgg

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Footnotes

  • #hmm means that something about the project seems a little off. Buyer beware kinda thing.
  • #lolwut is reserved for projects that seem like copycat games or campaigns put together with little thought. Check 'em out for amusement.
  • #take tags are for projects that have been restarted for some reason, with the number indicating what iteration we're currently on.
  • Did I miss something? Particularly something new in the last 7 days or ending in the next 7 days? Let me know in the comments and I'll add it in.

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2020.09.27 03:25 saigeco The "Black Lives Matter" Movement is the Largest Scale Mass Hysteria Incident in Modern History

Copying the post from FreeSpeech as I couldn't share a link. I haven't written this but fully agree with this (unpopular) opinion.
The blm movement is going to be remembered as one of society's largest scale incidents of mass hysteria built on overt lies and hatred. By nature of their support, hundreds of thousands of otherwise good people are socially endorsing the violence that arises from these hateful "causes" based on utter fabrications.
The definition of terrorism: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes.
Whether you support their cause or not, both blm and antifa as organizations fit the literal definition of terrorism. If you don't call them that yourself, that's fine, until recently neither did the American government, but merely saying that they aren't terrorists because you might think they have a reason for their actions is a subjective opinion on something that is otherwise an objective fact. blm/antifa and their supporters are responsible for a great number of increasingly violent attacks in recent years targeted towards opposing views (namely white people and Trump supporters), where they've earned the ire that's currently directed towards them. It's time we collectively began to address these left-wing extremists for what they truly are.
black lives matter as both an organization and as a "social statement" were founded primarily on the basis of "systemic racism" and "police brutality". Both of which have very little merit outside of left-wing echochambers, with almost all of its messaging crumbling under the slightest bit of scrutiny (if it's supporters ever bothered to scrutinize what they are being indoctrinated by).
"Systemic racism" is a catch-all term for any and everything to do with race, applied ad hoc to whatever scenarios people would like changed, whether that's in the public and private school systems, our systems of law and the histories of great nations. No legal definition or even standard application of the word has been decided, and everyone has their own variation on what the word means. And yet, governmental bodies themselves and people are changing the way we act, talk and think in order to combat this vague THEORY (and I stress that word).
"Police brutality" has been a term applied to virtually any instance of law enforcement being applied with force (and sometimes even without it), specifically and especially in regards to any crime committed by someone of the black community. Repeated study after study of police shootings has disputed any notion of "racism" being a factor in police shootings, and yet the stereotype of "evil, racist police" continues to spread. Some studies have even shown the opposite to be true, that white officers are less likely to shoot black suspects, and adjusted for ratios in crime and population white suspects are more likely to be shot by cops (various studies to follow below). And yet, every time a black person is killed by police, regardless of whether or not they were resisting arrest or actively trying to hurt or kill other people, the "police brutality" and "racism" cards have been pulled to demonize lawful shootings to undermine the faith citizens have in their police and government.
Here are some facts and statistics (or what would probably be considered the real enemy to the blm movement...the truth).
In American cops make about 10,000,000 arrests a year. Those ten million arrests don't include detentions, traffic stops or any of the other peaceful public interactions that make up the remaining approximately 60,000,000 police and citizen contact every year. On average per year, only about 1,000 of those 70 MILLION people interacted with end up dead due to police. Yet, people act like their chances of dying at the hands of a cop are anything but minuscule. The entire blm narrative is built on the foundation of "police brutality" and "racism" that simply isn't reflected in reality.
We're not even going to begin to discuss how many of those 1,000 people killed by cops each year are armed and dangerous (which is the majority of cases), or how many of them aren’t black (also the majority). It's also important to note that in police reporting "unarmed" does not mean "not violent". We can even assume, for the sake of argument, that none of those 1,000 police killings each year are justified (even though the vast majority of them are). The ratio of unarmed black men shot and killed (23) in 2018 was 1 out of 67,334 black men arrested. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting, there were 686,665 sworn police officers in the United States in 2018. That’s one unarmed black male shot and killed for every 49,047 sworn police officers. Out of the nearly 47.8 million black Americans, the police have shot roughly one unarmed black male per roughly 2.1 million people.
The inevitable conversation that follows is that black people only represent 14% of the US population, how is it that they make up such a high number of overall police deaths**.** blm and it's supporters would like to propagate the idea that it's racism. Which fortunately has little factual basis in this topic. This is where we need to have those brutal, honest conversations that everyone claims to want to have regarding race (silence is violence after all), but nobody is actually allowed to discuss without being banned, canceled or called a racist nazi.
In the US, the American black population represents 53% of convicted murders, 29% of rapes, 54% of robberies, 33% of assaults, 43% of weapons charges, 29% of domestic abuse and 27% of drug abuse violations among others (continuing to over index in almost all areas of remaining crime). The vast majority of these crimes were conducted by males, meaning that half of the violent crime in America is committed by less than the roughly 6-7% of black men in the US. It's not only understandable but expected that there would be a higher degree of violence involved in these arrests, as usually the type of person that's being arrested for murder isn't likely to go without a fight, nor would they like to spend their lives in prison. Ignoring these facts is tantamount to delusion.
Almost all studies that conclude that black people are killed disproportionately fail to factor in crime rates into their models, whether on purpose to reach a desired conclusion or via a poor scientific process. Those are very relevant statistics that cannot be ignored when discussing police interactions with black people, nor can they be discarded in studies, as they help to explain why there is a disparity between the black population and arrests/deaths. Many who like to dismiss these figures do so by doing what they always do, and cry "racism", whether it's the mere use of these statistics or in the very core of every single arrest that makes up the data.
But simply hand-waving away the reason that there are so many violent interactions between the black community and the police due to "racism" is disingenuous and deliberate. The reasons behind those crime rates and why the black community is plagued by crime are extraordinarily complicated, and very well may contain elements of race and racism reaching back decades (such as the Welfare system and Jim Crow laws), but that’s an entirely separate conversation for another day unrelated to the premise of "police brutality towards blacks". The fact of the matter is, the black community has and will continue to have problems with overwhelming violence without real intervention, and its these problems that lead to further violent interactions with police.
Keeping the aforementioned statistics in mind, each year, American cops kill more white people, both in raw numbers and when adjusted for crime rates, than black people (note: the study has since been retracted due to public inference, however, the data included remains valid, even more studies with similar findings below). Only roughly .009% of all arrests ended with a civilian death regardless of race, and for every 10 deadly weapon assaults on a police officer there was as a result of 1 fatal police shooting, or in other words, even in encounters with deadly weapons police will only fatally shoot about 10% of the time. In fact, research done by the National Police Research Platform, only roughly 27% of those 680,000+ officers report ever even firing their gun on duty (which doesn't specifically entail actually shooting someone either, just the fact that they've shot their weapon). And yet the narrative of blood thirsty police persists.
Contrary to the black lives matter narrative, the police have much more to fear from black males than black males have to fear from the police.In 2015, black civil-rights commissioner Peter Kirsanow famously defended the police by acknowledging that a police officer is roughly 18.5x more likely to be killed by a black male than an unarmed black male is to be killed by a police officer, a number that's been repeated ad nauseam and is roughly supported by statistics year after year (it lowers to roughly 2.5x more likely for a cop to be killed by armed black males than the reverse). Factually, black males have made up nearly 50 percent of all cop-killers over the last decade even though they are only 6-7% of the overall population.
White people make up roughly over 50% of known race homicide victims, with caucasians representing roughly 76% of the total US population. Black people were 45% of known race homicide victims, but only 13% of the population. Which means the homicide rate for blacks was 3.5x their percentage of the US population, making them over five times as likely to be homicide victims.
According to a Bureau of Justice Statistics 2018 study, 15.3% of violent crimes against whites were committed by blacks for a total of 547,948 crimes, with violent black offenders being 1.8x their percent of the population. In contrast, whites committed 10.6% of violent crimes against blacks for a total of 59,777 crimes, making up 0.8x their percentage of the population. But of violent crime against black people, 70% of the time the offender was reported by the victim themselves as black, which is supportive of the epidemic of black-on-black violence increasing across the country. The offender to victim ratio shows that violent incidents involving black offenders (22%) was twice the percentage of black victims (11%).
Hate crime statistics actually show that in recent years, anti-black incidents overall fell to a recent record low share of all hate crime, while anti-white and other races have seen increases in hate crime towards them. Meanwhile hate crimes committed by black offenders continues to increase year over year, reaching a high of 24% of all reported hate crimes despite making up only 14% of the population. In major cities such as New York, black perpetrators make up the majority of hate crimes towards Jewish and LGBT people, again, despite the narrative that says black people are society's current victims of discrimination.
People need to stop acting like, just because they’re black, they’ll die if they interact with the cops or that white people are targeting black people with racism and hatred. Of course in a country of hundreds of millions of people there is going to be anti-black racism. But it certainly isn't to the degree in which activists like to perpetuate, such as it being a public health crisis. Statistics simply do not reflect any reality in which this absurdity is true, unless a concentrated effort is put into disqualifying and discounting data that opposes the narrative. If anything, the crime data, statistics on police shootings and the general modern societal zeitgeist would suggest an active and ongoing discrimination against whites. But hey, that's another topic for another day isn't it.
The questions that decent human beings need to seriously ask themselves in regards to police is, are you committing crimes? Are you going to resist if the cops try to arrest you? I would hope not for both of those questions. In 2020, there's no excuse for that level of ignorance. Therefore, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are virtually zero. But, the best part is, even if you are committing crimes and resisting arrest, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are still virtually zero, regardless of your skin color or particular demographic.That's the statistical fact. No matter how many slogans are chanted or how many times ACAB is gratified onto buildings, it doesn't suddenly mean the police are out to kill anyone.
The gaslighting from the media and the blm supporters claim that the violent actions of a "few" rioters do not represent most of the "peaceful group" (a courtesy not extended to the legitimately mostly peaceful police). The left-leaning Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project reports that in the summer of 2020 alone (not including the continued riots in September) there were 7,750+ demonstrations related to blm. Of those, over 1000 included some sort of assault on police and/or bystanders, arson or looting but yet were not declared riots.
Over 570 of those "peaceful protests" in 220 locations turned violent to the degree that they were declared riots. That's 570+ "mostly peaceful protests" barely covered by mainstream news, that seemingly most supporters of blm refuse to acknowledge even occurred, which included an estimated $2 billion dollars in damages (most of which isn't covered by insurance, done to local family businesses, many black owned), along with a few dozen related fatalities (including targeted, accidental and incidental, more to follow below) and countless incidents of arson, looting and assault against bystanders and police. ACLED also stated that of those demonstrations, only 5% of them have been met with force by police, which is obviously roughly the same percentage of "protests" that become violent riots.
Only of course the media and blm supporters would like you to believe that police (by way of "fascist" Trump) are arresting and attacking "peaceful protesters utilizing their 'freedom of speech'", which couldn't be further from the truth. The freedom of speech was designed to protect people from those who think violence is the solution to democratic problems. Inciting violence was written in as an exception to the amendment, in part so that people couldn't use strength against others to assert beliefs. There's legal and historical precedence for proper "freedom of speech" and "freedom to protest", and nobody should care about the personal interpretations of rioters and terrorists on those fundamental freedoms.
And yet here we are, in a society where the mainstream media, an extraordinarily vocal minority of citizens, multinational billion dollar businesses donating hundreds of millions to the cause that partially goes to fund rioters' bail from jail after arrests (multiple criminals who then went on to commit other murders), celebrities and sports teams are all siding with blm over blatantly false lies and misinformation. All the while supporting the notion that black people are being "oppressed and victimized". None of their opinions on equality, inclusive ideologies and the freedom of speech, actually extends to the mostly peaceful police officers, towards white people, or any other demographic that condemns these actions (such as the increasing number of liberals leaving the party #WalkAway, or the various minority groups now increasingly supporting Trump). People need to forgo emotional arguments for rational analysis, stop confusing correlation with causation, and understand the impact of confounding variables and their own bias in these discussions.
Because what is happening is society and the Regressive Left is fostering an environment based on hate in the name of acceptance, including the willful return of Segregation, Affirmative Action and identity politics based on race, the demand for reparations (despite the Welfare system predominately geared towards blacks, having spent $22 TRILLION in the past 50 years towards poverty, costing 3 times as much as all of America's wars since the Revolution), special considerations in academia (like lowered admission standards or testing requirements, even though more money is spent on additional education funding for black students than any other race, and racial quotas hurting Asian Americans), the desire to rid society of capitalism (while hypocritically selling copious amounts of branded merchandise), two parent households (which has now quietly been removed due to criticism) and the abolishment of police and prisons. Democrats and blm leaders have continually called for public violence, including attacks on police and white folks, with the demonization of white people as a sub-human race and as racist demons.
Compound this with the contrasting fact that nearly 80% of the black community not only disagrees with the notion of defunding the police, but a significant portion would like to see either the same amount or more police presence in their neighborhoods. As anyone who grew up in a crime ridden black community knows (such as myself), a lack of policing only hurts the people that soft-bellied liberals claim to want to help. If any of the organizations and rioters actually cared about black lives mattering, then they would be focusing on the real tragedies occurring within their own communities. Such as the uncontrolled black-on-black violence, drug use and absentee fathers, and not whatever viral case makes the news in order to further the political agenda. The black community that actually deals with the rampant violence and gangs realize that defunding police is tantamount to forfeiting their lives and the lives of loved ones.
If the two tenants of the blm and antifa supporters are based on "systemic racism" and "police brutality" and both are built on misinformation and lies, then what are all of the riots, looting, arson and murder actually for? Why as a society have we both allowed and endorsed these horrific actions to the point of normalcy? Why is it so difficult for liberals to disavow the actual closest things our generation has seen to Nazism?
Why does the violence inspired by the "blm cause" not count as extremism other than social bias of the people who believe in it (despite glaringly obvious examples that say otherwise)? Defenders would like to argue that just because these killers and anarchists believed in the blm narrative, doesn't mean they have killed all those cops or Trump supporters specifically for blm. And just because people aren't card carrying members of antifa, then obviously they aren't rioting specifically for antifa...it's all just a magical coincidence that they buy their branded t-shirts and wave their affiliated flags.
But yet, if an individual police officer happens to kill a black man in the line of duty, that's somehow representative of all officers and "systemic racism" according to these same groups. We wouldn't excuse this type of behavior if it had been done in the name of ISIS. We wouldn't judge an act of terrorism on whether or not it's followers actually traveled to Syria before stabbing someone in the throat. Like logical, intelligent human beings we would determine their guilt via their extremist beliefs and horrific actions, which at this point is undeniable despite the feverish attempts to deny virtually all of it (a relatively small list compared to all incidents of blm and antifa inspired attacks to follow).
When we have such divergent attitudes in the way the very cultures and people of various races approach life, are we still feigning surprise that there's a difference in terms of wealth, crime, education, economic or job status between races? Eventually we need to be honest and look at how people actually behave and how society functions, instead of playing pretend and arguing about microagressions and white fragility.
Allowing this toxic blm rhetoric continue in this state for political reasons is entirely the opposite of being respectful of other views and is a direct attack on democracy. The sheer unfathomable damage done for this "cause" will go down in history as one of the worst decisions our society has ever inflicted upon itself perpetuated by the willful ideological delusion of one political side and its ever increasingly unstable base. If there are any blm supporters still reading this, I implore you to reconsider your stance. You can be against racism and support the real black community without endorsing the hate and lies of the blm organization. There is no requirement to martyr violent criminals just because they died while being black.
Please. If you're honestly trying to do what's best for society and the real black families adversely affected, ensure you're not on the wrong side of history while doing it.
****
Edit: Please feel free to copy and paste this information where you see fit, I know not everyone interested in these conversations wants to do the leg-work and a lot of the discussions revert back to the same topics (crime rates, demographics, studies, etc). And rather than "own" a stupid Reddit post, I would rather see more people discussing the realities of this situation with the most concrete information.
****
2019 Study from Michigan State University and the University of Maryland via the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences concluded: "We find no evidence of anti-Black or anti-Hispanic disparities across shootings, and White officers are not more likely to shoot minority civilians than non-White officers. Instead, race-specific crime strongly predicts civilian race. This suggests that increasing diversity among officers by itself is unlikely to reduce racial disparity in police shootings" and "Examination of National Violent Death Reporting System data shows racial differences across types of fatal shootings. Black civilians fatally shot by police (relative to White civilians) are more likely to be unarmed and less likely to pose an immediate threat to officers. In contrast, White civilians (relative to Black civilians) are nearly three times more likely to be fatally shot by police when the incident is related to mental-health concerns and are seven times more likely to commit 'suicide by cop'".
Bonus points: the Vice President of Research & Innovation at Michigan was forced to resign partially due to his contrary findings that stated there was no racism in police shootings, which was among his other "racist science" that some faculty and students found offensive.
2018 Study from Michigan State and Arizona State University concluded: "When adjusting for crime, we find no systematic evidence of anti-Black disparities in fatal shootings, fatal shootings of unarmed citizens, or fatal shootings involving misidentification of harmless objects. Multiverse analyses showed only one significant anti-Black disparity of 144 possible tests. Exposure to police given crime rate differences likely accounts for the higher per capita rate of fatal police shootings for Blacks, at least when analyzing all shootings. For unarmed shootings or misidentification shootings, data are too uncertain to be conclusive."
2016 Study from Washington State University via American Society of Criminology concluded: "We found that, despite clear evidence of implicit bias against Black suspects, officers were slower to shoot armed Black suspects than armed White suspects, and they were less likely to shoot unarmed Black suspects than unarmed White suspects. These findings challenge the assumption that implicit racial bias affects police behavior in deadly encounters with Black suspects."
2016 Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "On the most extreme use of force – officer-involved shootings – we find no racial differences in either the raw data or when contextual factors are taken into account. We argue that the patterns in the data are consistent with a model in which police officers are utility maximizers, a fraction of which have a preference for discrimination, who incur relatively high expected costs of officer-involved shootings."
2018 Follow-up Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "In stark contrast, Fryer (forthcoming) finds that, conditional on a police interaction, there are no racial differences in OIS on either the extensive or intensive margins. Using data from Houston, Texas – where I have both OIS and a randomly chosen set of interactions with police where lethal force may have been justified but was not used – I find, after controlling for suspect demographics, officer demographics, encounter characteristics, suspect weapon and year fixed effects, that blacks are 27.4 percent less likely to be shot at by police relative to non-black, non-Hispanics. Investigating the intensive margin – who shoots first in an encounter with police or how many bullets were discharged in the endeavor – there are no detectable racial differences."
2018 Study from Rutgars University and Kookmin University and Purdue College concluded: "This article aims to answer this question: are white police officers more likely to use lethal force on minority suspects or people of a specific race? To answer this question, the authors construct a data set of all confirmed uses of lethal force by police officers in the United States in 2014 and 2015. They find that although minority suspects are disproportionately killed by police, white officers appear to be no more likely to use lethal force against minorities than nonwhite officers"
2016 Study from the Pacific Institute of Research and Evaluation, Curtin University, University of Columbia found: "On average, an estimated 34 people were killed or medically treated for injury by law enforcement per 10 000 stops/arrests. That ratio is surprisingly consistent by race/ethnicity. Blacks have high arrest and stop rates, and per capita are much more likely than whites to die at the hands of police. However, when blacks are stopped or arrested, they are no more likely than whites to be injured or die during that incident.Consistent with our findings, simulation studies find police are no more likely to fire on unarmed blacks than unarmed whites, and high rates of black speeding citations per capita result from high violation rates. A systematic review identified 10 studies that found suspect race/ethnicity did not predict use of force or its escalation. However, one study found blacks were more likely than whites to face force during compliance checks. The PPCS survey also found that blacks were more likely to experience physical force and to perceive the threat of force during a stop, although few respondents actually were injured by the force applied. The large majority of incidents that those stopped perceived as undue force was stops where officers shouted at or threatened people, presumably to deter resistance."
submitted by saigeco to SocialJusticeInAction [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 03:18 saigeco The "Black Lives Matter" Movement is the Largest Scale Mass Hysteria Incident in Modern History

Copying the post from FreeSpeech as I couldn't share a link. I haven't written this but fully agree with this (unpopular) opinion.
The blm movement is going to be remembered as one of society's largest scale incidents of mass hysteria built on overt lies and hatred. By nature of their support, hundreds of thousands of otherwise good people are socially endorsing the violence that arises from these hateful "causes" based on utter fabrications.
The definition of terrorism: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes.
Whether you support their cause or not, both blm and antifa as organizations fit the literal definition of terrorism. If you don't call them that yourself, that's fine, until recently neither did the American government, but merely saying that they aren't terrorists because you might think they have a reason for their actions is a subjective opinion on something that is otherwise an objective fact. blm/antifa and their supporters are responsible for a great number of increasingly violent attacks in recent years targeted towards opposing views (namely white people and Trump supporters), where they've earned the ire that's currently directed towards them. It's time we collectively began to address these left-wing extremists for what they truly are.
black lives matter as both an organization and as a "social statement" were founded primarily on the basis of "systemic racism" and "police brutality". Both of which have very little merit outside of left-wing echochambers, with almost all of its messaging crumbling under the slightest bit of scrutiny (if it's supporters ever bothered to scrutinize what they are being indoctrinated by).
"Systemic racism" is a catch-all term for any and everything to do with race, applied ad hoc to whatever scenarios people would like changed, whether that's in the public and private school systems, our systems of law and the histories of great nations. No legal definition or even standard application of the word has been decided, and everyone has their own variation on what the word means. And yet, governmental bodies themselves and people are changing the way we act, talk and think in order to combat this vague THEORY (and I stress that word).
"Police brutality" has been a term applied to virtually any instance of law enforcement being applied with force (and sometimes even without it), specifically and especially in regards to any crime committed by someone of the black community. Repeated study after study of police shootings has disputed any notion of "racism" being a factor in police shootings, and yet the stereotype of "evil, racist police" continues to spread. Some studies have even shown the opposite to be true, that white officers are less likely to shoot black suspects, and adjusted for ratios in crime and population white suspects are more likely to be shot by cops (various studies to follow below). And yet, every time a black person is killed by police, regardless of whether or not they were resisting arrest or actively trying to hurt or kill other people, the "police brutality" and "racism" cards have been pulled to demonize lawful shootings to undermine the faith citizens have in their police and government.
Here are some facts and statistics (or what would probably be considered the real enemy to the blm movement...the truth).
In American cops make about 10,000,000 arrests a year. Those ten million arrests don't include detentions, traffic stops or any of the other peaceful public interactions that make up the remaining approximately 60,000,000 police and citizen contact every year. On average per year, only about 1,000 of those 70 MILLION people interacted with end up dead due to police. Yet, people act like their chances of dying at the hands of a cop are anything but minuscule. The entire blm narrative is built on the foundation of "police brutality" and "racism" that simply isn't reflected in reality.
We're not even going to begin to discuss how many of those 1,000 people killed by cops each year are armed and dangerous (which is the majority of cases), or how many of them aren’t black (also the majority). It's also important to note that in police reporting "unarmed" does not mean "not violent". We can even assume, for the sake of argument, that none of those 1,000 police killings each year are justified (even though the vast majority of them are). The ratio of unarmed black men shot and killed (23) in 2018 was 1 out of 67,334 black men arrested. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting, there were 686,665 sworn police officers in the United States in 2018. That’s one unarmed black male shot and killed for every 49,047 sworn police officers. Out of the nearly 47.8 million black Americans, the police have shot roughly one unarmed black male per roughly 2.1 million people.
The inevitable conversation that follows is that black people only represent 14% of the US population, how is it that they make up such a high number of overall police deaths**.** blm and it's supporters would like to propagate the idea that it's racism. Which fortunately has little factual basis in this topic. This is where we need to have those brutal, honest conversations that everyone claims to want to have regarding race (silence is violence after all), but nobody is actually allowed to discuss without being banned, canceled or called a racist nazi.
In the US, the American black population represents 53% of convicted murders, 29% of rapes, 54% of robberies, 33% of assaults, 43% of weapons charges, 29% of domestic abuse and 27% of drug abuse violations among others (continuing to over index in almost all areas of remaining crime). The vast majority of these crimes were conducted by males, meaning that half of the violent crime in America is committed by less than the roughly 6-7% of black men in the US. It's not only understandable but expected that there would be a higher degree of violence involved in these arrests, as usually the type of person that's being arrested for murder isn't likely to go without a fight, nor would they like to spend their lives in prison. Ignoring these facts is tantamount to delusion.
Almost all studies that conclude that black people are killed disproportionately fail to factor in crime rates into their models, whether on purpose to reach a desired conclusion or via a poor scientific process. Those are very relevant statistics that cannot be ignored when discussing police interactions with black people, nor can they be discarded in studies, as they help to explain why there is a disparity between the black population and arrests/deaths. Many who like to dismiss these figures do so by doing what they always do, and cry "racism", whether it's the mere use of these statistics or in the very core of every single arrest that makes up the data.
But simply hand-waving away the reason that there are so many violent interactions between the black community and the police due to "racism" is disingenuous and deliberate. The reasons behind those crime rates and why the black community is plagued by crime are extraordinarily complicated, and very well may contain elements of race and racism reaching back decades (such as the Welfare system and Jim Crow laws), but that’s an entirely separate conversation for another day unrelated to the premise of "police brutality towards blacks". The fact of the matter is, the black community has and will continue to have problems with overwhelming violence without real intervention, and its these problems that lead to further violent interactions with police.
Keeping the aforementioned statistics in mind, each year, American cops kill more white people, both in raw numbers and when adjusted for crime rates, than black people (note: the study has since been retracted due to public inference, however, the data included remains valid, even more studies with similar findings below). Only roughly .009% of all arrests ended with a civilian death regardless of race, and for every 10 deadly weapon assaults on a police officer there was as a result of 1 fatal police shooting, or in other words, even in encounters with deadly weapons police will only fatally shoot about 10% of the time. In fact, research done by the National Police Research Platform, only roughly 27% of those 680,000+ officers report ever even firing their gun on duty (which doesn't specifically entail actually shooting someone either, just the fact that they've shot their weapon). And yet the narrative of blood thirsty police persists.
Contrary to the black lives matter narrative, the police have much more to fear from black males than black males have to fear from the police.In 2015, black civil-rights commissioner Peter Kirsanow famously defended the police by acknowledging that a police officer is roughly 18.5x more likely to be killed by a black male than an unarmed black male is to be killed by a police officer, a number that's been repeated ad nauseam and is roughly supported by statistics year after year (it lowers to roughly 2.5x more likely for a cop to be killed by armed black males than the reverse). Factually, black males have made up nearly 50 percent of all cop-killers over the last decade even though they are only 6-7% of the overall population.
White people make up roughly over 50% of known race homicide victims, with caucasians representing roughly 76% of the total US population. Black people were 45% of known race homicide victims, but only 13% of the population. Which means the homicide rate for blacks was 3.5x their percentage of the US population, making them over five times as likely to be homicide victims.
According to a Bureau of Justice Statistics 2018 study, 15.3% of violent crimes against whites were committed by blacks for a total of 547,948 crimes, with violent black offenders being 1.8x their percent of the population. In contrast, whites committed 10.6% of violent crimes against blacks for a total of 59,777 crimes, making up 0.8x their percentage of the population. But of violent crime against black people, 70% of the time the offender was reported by the victim themselves as black, which is supportive of the epidemic of black-on-black violence increasing across the country. The offender to victim ratio shows that violent incidents involving black offenders (22%) was twice the percentage of black victims (11%).
Hate crime statistics actually show that in recent years, anti-black incidents overall fell to a recent record low share of all hate crime, while anti-white and other races have seen increases in hate crime towards them. Meanwhile hate crimes committed by black offenders continues to increase year over year, reaching a high of 24% of all reported hate crimes despite making up only 14% of the population. In major cities such as New York, black perpetrators make up the majority of hate crimes towards Jewish and LGBT people, again, despite the narrative that says black people are society's current victims of discrimination.
People need to stop acting like, just because they’re black, they’ll die if they interact with the cops or that white people are targeting black people with racism and hatred. Of course in a country of hundreds of millions of people there is going to be anti-black racism. But it certainly isn't to the degree in which activists like to perpetuate, such as it being a public health crisis. Statistics simply do not reflect any reality in which this absurdity is true, unless a concentrated effort is put into disqualifying and discounting data that opposes the narrative. If anything, the crime data, statistics on police shootings and the general modern societal zeitgeist would suggest an active and ongoing discrimination against whites. But hey, that's another topic for another day isn't it.
The questions that decent human beings need to seriously ask themselves in regards to police is, are you committing crimes? Are you going to resist if the cops try to arrest you? I would hope not for both of those questions. In 2020, there's no excuse for that level of ignorance. Therefore, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are virtually zero. But, the best part is, even if you are committing crimes and resisting arrest, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are still virtually zero, regardless of your skin color or particular demographic.That's the statistical fact. No matter how many slogans are chanted or how many times ACAB is gratified onto buildings, it doesn't suddenly mean the police are out to kill anyone.
The gaslighting from the media and the blm supporters claim that the violent actions of a "few" rioters do not represent most of the "peaceful group" (a courtesy not extended to the legitimately mostly peaceful police). The left-leaning Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project reports that in the summer of 2020 alone (not including the continued riots in September) there were 7,750+ demonstrations related to blm. Of those, over 1000 included some sort of assault on police and/or bystanders, arson or looting but yet were not declared riots.
Over 570 of those "peaceful protests" in 220 locations turned violent to the degree that they were declared riots. That's 570+ "mostly peaceful protests" barely covered by mainstream news, that seemingly most supporters of blm refuse to acknowledge even occurred, which included an estimated $2 billion dollars in damages (most of which isn't covered by insurance, done to local family businesses, many black owned), along with a few dozen related fatalities (including targeted, accidental and incidental, more to follow below) and countless incidents of arson, looting and assault against bystanders and police. ACLED also stated that of those demonstrations, only 5% of them have been met with force by police, which is obviously roughly the same percentage of "protests" that become violent riots.
Only of course the media and blm supporters would like you to believe that police (by way of "fascist" Trump) are arresting and attacking "peaceful protesters utilizing their 'freedom of speech'", which couldn't be further from the truth. The freedom of speech was designed to protect people from those who think violence is the solution to democratic problems. Inciting violence was written in as an exception to the amendment, in part so that people couldn't use strength against others to assert beliefs. There's legal and historical precedence for proper "freedom of speech" and "freedom to protest", and nobody should care about the personal interpretations of rioters and terrorists on those fundamental freedoms.
And yet here we are, in a society where the mainstream media, an extraordinarily vocal minority of citizens, multinational billion dollar businesses donating hundreds of millions to the cause that partially goes to fund rioters' bail from jail after arrests (multiple criminals who then went on to commit other murders), celebrities and sports teams are all siding with blm over blatantly false lies and misinformation. All the while supporting the notion that black people are being "oppressed and victimized". None of their opinions on equality, inclusive ideologies and the freedom of speech, actually extends to the mostly peaceful police officers, towards white people, or any other demographic that condemns these actions (such as the increasing number of liberals leaving the party #WalkAway, or the various minority groups now increasingly supporting Trump). People need to forgo emotional arguments for rational analysis, stop confusing correlation with causation, and understand the impact of confounding variables and their own bias in these discussions.
Because what is happening is society and the Regressive Left is fostering an environment based on hate in the name of acceptance, including the willful return of Segregation, Affirmative Action and identity politics based on race, the demand for reparations (despite the Welfare system predominately geared towards blacks, having spent $22 TRILLION in the past 50 years towards poverty, costing 3 times as much as all of America's wars since the Revolution), special considerations in academia (like lowered admission standards or testing requirements, even though more money is spent on additional education funding for black students than any other race, and racial quotas hurting Asian Americans), the desire to rid society of capitalism (while hypocritically selling copious amounts of branded merchandise), two parent households (which has now quietly been removed due to criticism) and the abolishment of police and prisons. Democrats and blm leaders have continually called for public violence, including attacks on police and white folks, with the demonization of white people as a sub-human race and as racist demons.
Compound this with the contrasting fact that nearly 80% of the black community not only disagrees with the notion of defunding the police, but a significant portion would like to see either the same amount or more police presence in their neighborhoods. As anyone who grew up in a crime ridden black community knows (such as myself), a lack of policing only hurts the people that soft-bellied liberals claim to want to help. If any of the organizations and rioters actually cared about black lives mattering, then they would be focusing on the real tragedies occurring within their own communities. Such as the uncontrolled black-on-black violence, drug use and absentee fathers, and not whatever viral case makes the news in order to further the political agenda. The black community that actually deals with the rampant violence and gangs realize that defunding police is tantamount to forfeiting their lives and the lives of loved ones.
If the two tenants of the blm and antifa supporters are based on "systemic racism" and "police brutality" and both are built on misinformation and lies, then what are all of the riots, looting, arson and murder actually for? Why as a society have we both allowed and endorsed these horrific actions to the point of normalcy? Why is it so difficult for liberals to disavow the actual closest things our generation has seen to Nazism?
Why does the violence inspired by the "blm cause" not count as extremism other than social bias of the people who believe in it (despite glaringly obvious examples that say otherwise)? Defenders would like to argue that just because these killers and anarchists believed in the blm narrative, doesn't mean they have killed all those cops or Trump supporters specifically for blm. And just because people aren't card carrying members of antifa, then obviously they aren't rioting specifically for antifa...it's all just a magical coincidence that they buy their branded t-shirts and wave their affiliated flags.
But yet, if an individual police officer happens to kill a black man in the line of duty, that's somehow representative of all officers and "systemic racism" according to these same groups. We wouldn't excuse this type of behavior if it had been done in the name of ISIS. We wouldn't judge an act of terrorism on whether or not it's followers actually traveled to Syria before stabbing someone in the throat. Like logical, intelligent human beings we would determine their guilt via their extremist beliefs and horrific actions, which at this point is undeniable despite the feverish attempts to deny virtually all of it (a relatively small list compared to all incidents of blm and antifa inspired attacks to follow).
When we have such divergent attitudes in the way the very cultures and people of various races approach life, are we still feigning surprise that there's a difference in terms of wealth, crime, education, economic or job status between races? Eventually we need to be honest and look at how people actually behave and how society functions, instead of playing pretend and arguing about microagressions and white fragility.
Allowing this toxic blm rhetoric continue in this state for political reasons is entirely the opposite of being respectful of other views and is a direct attack on democracy. The sheer unfathomable damage done for this "cause" will go down in history as one of the worst decisions our society has ever inflicted upon itself perpetuated by the willful ideological delusion of one political side and its ever increasingly unstable base. If there are any blm supporters still reading this, I implore you to reconsider your stance. You can be against racism and support the real black community without endorsing the hate and lies of the blm organization. There is no requirement to martyr violent criminals just because they died while being black.
Please. If you're honestly trying to do what's best for society and the real black families adversely affected, ensure you're not on the wrong side of history while doing it.
****
Edit: Please feel free to copy and paste this information where you see fit, I know not everyone interested in these conversations wants to do the leg-work and a lot of the discussions revert back to the same topics (crime rates, demographics, studies, etc). And rather than "own" a stupid Reddit post, I would rather see more people discussing the realities of this situation with the most concrete information.
****
2019 Study from Michigan State University and the University of Maryland via the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences concluded: "We find no evidence of anti-Black or anti-Hispanic disparities across shootings, and White officers are not more likely to shoot minority civilians than non-White officers. Instead, race-specific crime strongly predicts civilian race. This suggests that increasing diversity among officers by itself is unlikely to reduce racial disparity in police shootings" and "Examination of National Violent Death Reporting System data shows racial differences across types of fatal shootings. Black civilians fatally shot by police (relative to White civilians) are more likely to be unarmed and less likely to pose an immediate threat to officers. In contrast, White civilians (relative to Black civilians) are nearly three times more likely to be fatally shot by police when the incident is related to mental-health concerns and are seven times more likely to commit 'suicide by cop'".
Bonus points: the Vice President of Research & Innovation at Michigan was forced to resign partially due to his contrary findings that stated there was no racism in police shootings, which was among his other "racist science" that some faculty and students found offensive.
2018 Study from Michigan State and Arizona State University concluded: "When adjusting for crime, we find no systematic evidence of anti-Black disparities in fatal shootings, fatal shootings of unarmed citizens, or fatal shootings involving misidentification of harmless objects. Multiverse analyses showed only one significant anti-Black disparity of 144 possible tests. Exposure to police given crime rate differences likely accounts for the higher per capita rate of fatal police shootings for Blacks, at least when analyzing all shootings. For unarmed shootings or misidentification shootings, data are too uncertain to be conclusive."
2016 Study from Washington State University via American Society of Criminology concluded: "We found that, despite clear evidence of implicit bias against Black suspects, officers were slower to shoot armed Black suspects than armed White suspects, and they were less likely to shoot unarmed Black suspects than unarmed White suspects. These findings challenge the assumption that implicit racial bias affects police behavior in deadly encounters with Black suspects."
2016 Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "On the most extreme use of force – officer-involved shootings – we find no racial differences in either the raw data or when contextual factors are taken into account. We argue that the patterns in the data are consistent with a model in which police officers are utility maximizers, a fraction of which have a preference for discrimination, who incur relatively high expected costs of officer-involved shootings."
2018 Follow-up Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "In stark contrast, Fryer (forthcoming) finds that, conditional on a police interaction, there are no racial differences in OIS on either the extensive or intensive margins. Using data from Houston, Texas – where I have both OIS and a randomly chosen set of interactions with police where lethal force may have been justified but was not used – I find, after controlling for suspect demographics, officer demographics, encounter characteristics, suspect weapon and year fixed effects, that blacks are 27.4 percent less likely to be shot at by police relative to non-black, non-Hispanics. Investigating the intensive margin – who shoots first in an encounter with police or how many bullets were discharged in the endeavor – there are no detectable racial differences."
2018 Study from Rutgars University and Kookmin University and Purdue College concluded: "This article aims to answer this question: are white police officers more likely to use lethal force on minority suspects or people of a specific race? To answer this question, the authors construct a data set of all confirmed uses of lethal force by police officers in the United States in 2014 and 2015. They find that although minority suspects are disproportionately killed by police, white officers appear to be no more likely to use lethal force against minorities than nonwhite officers"
2016 Study from the Pacific Institute of Research and Evaluation, Curtin University, University of Columbia found: "On average, an estimated 34 people were killed or medically treated for injury by law enforcement per 10 000 stops/arrests. That ratio is surprisingly consistent by race/ethnicity. Blacks have high arrest and stop rates, and per capita are much more likely than whites to die at the hands of police. However, when blacks are stopped or arrested, they are no more likely than whites to be injured or die during that incident.Consistent with our findings, simulation studies find police are no more likely to fire on unarmed blacks than unarmed whites, and high rates of black speeding citations per capita result from high violation rates. A systematic review identified 10 studies that found suspect race/ethnicity did not predict use of force or its escalation. However, one study found blacks were more likely than whites to face force during compliance checks. The PPCS survey also found that blacks were more likely to experience physical force and to perceive the threat of force during a stop, although few respondents actually were injured by the force applied. The large majority of incidents that those stopped perceived as undue force was stops where officers shouted at or threatened people, presumably to deter resistance."
submitted by saigeco to TrueUnpopularOpinion [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 18:06 friedavizel Report from the NYC Hasidic community, which has been open for months

I haven’t been active on this sub since its early days because, well, I’ve tried to cope. But it’s so encouraging to see how wonderfully the sub turned out. There's so much thoughtful conversation. Much credit to the (active!) mods.
I want to fill you in on the Hasidic Jewish community, which provides a fascinating case study of an outlier community in NYC. This is going to be long. TL;DR below.
So I was raised in the Satmar Hasidic community. It is a very insular, closed off world. We are descendants of holocaust survivors, and our stubborn grandparents were determined hell over high waters not to become Americanized. So I grew up in a bubble. I spoke the Yiddish language. We had no TV, no movies. My marriage was arranged. We didn’t know about birth control so I was pregnant at nineteen, and expected to have lots of kids. My mother birthed more than a dozen.
The Hasidic community has outposts in Brooklyn with like 100K people in Williamsburg, plus even more people in Boro Park. They have some similar outposts in New York’s suburbs. In other words, they are a big and fast-growing group.
I left the community with my son ten years ago. Because, imagine this: I really couldn’t live down the tremendous conformity, the stifled intellectual life, the preening and virtue signaling. I wanted freedom to just live! Well, ironic isn’t it? Because ten years since I left, my work and my hobbies, and my son’s schooling all stopped, while the Hasidic community is living life as usual.
The Hasidim tried to lock down for maybe four weeks. The push to shut down was ferocious in the beginning, when there were several deaths per night (this might well be in part because of neglect and aggressive venting, per my conversation with the Hasidic funeral director.) According to my mother, the loudest most aggressive people were screaming at everyone to stay home. People celebrated an isolated Passover and held weddings in dining rooms or warehouses. Lots of people hunkered down in terror. The official community position was “we must listen to the government and experts”. To this day, the leadership tries to follow the health authorities. They are by no means lockdown skeptics.
But the lockdown was culturally impossible. This community doesn’t do computers in the house, no TV, no video games to get the kids to stop nagging mom. Hasidim are also a lot more communal so kids are usually in public spaces, like synagogues and schools. Parents are not used to holding the fort all on their own. They also aren’t anywhere near as obsessed with safetyism as the west, especially because martyrdom for a higher cause is a value. So people will say “our grandparents risked their lives from Nazis to observe sabbath, and we cower at home?” In other words, the cultural ingredients that made the lockdown happen for us in the secular side weren’t there for Hasidim. Zoom school and Netflix in pajamas: verboten.
Things began to open in April. At first, Hasidic families privately organized illegal schools for their kids. Then some of these classes moved to the school building, but many other families objected. Some even tattled to the media/city. Soon however, the holdouts caved and school went back to normal, even with bussing.
During the spring, the government kept sporadically intervening. Hasidic kids were chased out of schools and parks by cops. Shops and wedding venues got citations with heavy fines. Some of the interventions by the mayor or cops were covered in this sub. It was especially hypocritical because BLM protestors marched en masse Williamsburg, in the Hasidic area! And the mayor condoned one and condemned the other.
By early summer, the government seemed to look the other way. The community returned to normal. No masks, no nutty rules, no one ways, no pods, no spraying sanitizer into the air as you walk. I give walking tours in Williamsburg and we saw tens of school busses packed with kids, a packed Main Street, shops with people pushing elbow-to-elbow for designer bargains. Synagogues were as busy as any time. The people on my tour were stunned. We, and a few other “goyim”, were the only ones with masks.
Now if you are going to say “well, the Hasidic community probably naturally social distances, like Sweden” let me quickly dispel that. The community I give tours in is in New York City. Let me repeat; it’s in that populous city people always talk about. Not only that, but families are large - let’s estimate an average of eight people per household, including the parents. Folks are always mixing at the synagogue, at parties, at neighbor’s, friends and grandparents. I’d say most Hasidim traveled during the summer. If anything, they naturally socially spread it. The flu season always hits the community with a vengeance.
I had a close family wedding smack in the middle of the summer. Hordes of wedding guests of all ages came in pretty dresses and with sweet, full, open faces. The custom is to say “mazel tov”, shake hands and kiss the cheek. I sat next to my holocaust survivor grandmother who is up there in years. Hundreds of people came up to her to offer their congratulations: “mazel tov!”, shake hands, mua. She danced with little kids with great puffy dresses. I danced under-over and in the circle. I pressed into the sweaty palms of forgotten classmates who now have half a dozen kids or more. The music was loud enough to give you hearing loss, so we all bent into each other’s faces to scream our catching-up. It was lovely.
Everyone was fine. It’s many weeks later. Grandma is great.
Now, as the colder season arrives, there’s been an uptick of cases in the community. How bad are things? The charts from NYC gov don’t show any recognizable change for Brooklyn in either cases, hospitalizations or deaths. I’ve heard of people who had mild flu-like symptoms for a day or two, got tested and came back positive. It looks like barely anything is serious. If someone does get sick, generally an elderly person, the medical community is now pretty good at treating them. So why is the city threatening to lock down the Orthodox community?
Here’s the NYT on September 25:
“One city health official estimates that about a quarter of new Covid-19 cases in New York City appeared to be emanating from Orthodox Jewish communities, though the official acknowledged that at present the data was imperfect.”
Where is the proof? It is very hard to sift through cases and figure out which positives are from an Orthodox Jewish person. I know because it’s the kind of data I am always trying to sort out. And besides, Brooklyn has a huge Orthodox Jewish population (which is the larger umbrella under which Hasidim fall). What is the point of what this fool is even saying?
But here is the kicker in the NYT:
“Across one section of southern and central Brooklyn that include three neighborhoods - Midwood, Borough Park and Bensonhurst - about 4.7 percent of coronavirus tests were positive, which was far higher than in the rest of the city… Across the entirely of the city, between 1 percent and 2 percent of tests have been positive most days in the past two months.”
In other words, they are not measuring how many people in a population are sick, but of the people who decided to stick a q-tip into their brains, how many came back as positive. For those of you who thought the solution to the casedemic was to avoid asymptomatic testing, here is a depressing outcome. If you test fewer asymptomatic people, the ratio of positives will go up. In NYC, we need a ratio of under 3% to stay open. So you need a lot of healthy people to get tested in order to create the right percent. So you test many many people, and the percent goes down. But of course, the actual number of positives simultaneously goes up. And creates a new avenue for doom. You can’t win.
The Hasidim probably tested less. Hasidic businesses and schools didn’t require testing. And this: an audio recording circulated earlier this year of a community leader, Gedalya Szegedin, saying that medical facilities should test less because high numbers of positives were inviting a lot of negative scrutiny. (There is also another factor: a lot of Orthodox Jews go upstate in the summer and use medical services there - I don’t know how this played in.) So who knows what variable caused their numbers to look bad. It’s all Talmudic hair splitting and is divorced from reality.
In May, June, July, August of Hasidim proved that you can take off the mask and go back to life. What did we learn from them then? Nothing. Now that there is a morsel of uptick, it’s proof that their lack of compliance is causing a shocking relative percentage of 4.7! Are you scared yet?
Imagine how hard this circus will be ratcheted up if we have a harsh winter. This from the brains who point to the Hasidic community and call them the anti-science foolish fanatical bumpkins.
I thought I left the dogma for open minded world where honest inquiry was valued. What a barrel of laughs.

Edit: added the link that somehow got lost.
TL;DR The Hasidic Jews in NY have been back to normal for months and they’ve been fine. The recent uptick is seasonal and it’s benign. If we learn anything from them, it’s that all blanket precautions are largely useless and that herd immunity is the natural strategy.
submitted by friedavizel to LockdownSkepticism [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 08:09 AdequateSizeAttache Setting the Record Straight on the Evidence of Prior Sexual Abuse - Part 1

[This post has been split into two parts because of selfpost character limits.]

Introduction

It surprises me how often I see discussions involving speculation on whether JonBenet's UTIs, vaginitis, bedwetting, and history of frequent doctor visits indicate sexual abuse or not. These discussions invariably include people chiming in to share how they or someone they know had similar issues but were never abused. From these discussions, one could get the impression that itchy pageant costumes or Mr. Bubble useage are perfectly reasonable explanations for the evidence of sexual abuse.
The fact is, there's no need to speculate based on these things. There is physical evidence of prior sexual abuse. This is the evidence that should be at the forefront of discussions on the question of sexual abuse, not bubble baths or bedwetting. Issues such as vaginitis, UTIs, and bedwetting are not specific to sexual abuse; there are other possible explanations for them. There is no other possible explanation for the physical evidence besides trauma from physical penetration.
In reading discussions on the case over the years, it's always puzzled me how often the evidence of prior sexual abuse gets downplayed or dismissed. In considering why, I believe it is due primarily to these two common misconceptions:
Common Misconception 1 (as demonstrated above): The evidence of sexual abuse = vaginal irritation, UTIs, rashes, bedwetting, soiling, frequent doctor visits
Common Misconception 2: There is a medical debate on the issue and there's evidence to support both sides
Common Misconception 1 is a straw man argument — the actual evidence (the physical findings) is not being addressed or refuted.
Common Misconception 2 is an argument from false equivalence. An equal, rather than accurate, amount of weight is given to both sides of the issue. People see the mountain of conflicting information and contradicting opinions and think "It looks like expert opinion on this issue is divided; I guess a case can be made for either side." The enormous difference in expertise and experience between the various experts is ignored, as is the level of access they had to the evidence. This misconception gives the impression that all these expert opinions cancel each other out, rendering the issue debatable and open to interpretation. Consequently, the probative value of the evidence is undermined, making it easier for people to feel they can dismiss.
I think several factors have contributed to these two misconceptions:
  • Media speculation in reaction to the redacted autopsy report.
    A partial autopsy report was released on February 14, 1997, with certain sections having been removed by the coroner. Most of the information detailing the vaginal trauma, for example, was purposefully held back. What did remain was a section that said there was chronic inflammation and epithelial erosion found in the vaginal mucosa. This detail sparked a lot of attention and debate in the media, with various experts weighing in with their opinions on what it could mean. In reaction to speculation from some doctors that the released autopsy report portions indicated chronic sexual abuse, the Ramsey's media consultant Pat Korten made statements such as:
    "It is my understanding that this (vaginal inflammation) is not uncommon among children of that age," Korten said.
    Child abuse experts were asked to join the fray with their own reactions. In a February 20 article, the Daily Camera reported this quote from Dr. Joan Slook, pediatrician with the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston:
    "Poor hygiene can cause chronic inflammation," Slook said. "Some little girls don't wash themselves properly." Improper wiping or washing in the vaginal area can introduce bacteria and produce inflammation, she said.
    "Some little girls can have asymptomatic bladder infections that can cause irritation in the vagina," Slook said. "Chronic inflammation is a pretty non-specific thing to say," she said, adding that epithelial erosion also is vague.
    In all this media commentary and premature speculation based on incomplete information, chronic inflammation became conflated with evidence of sexual abuse. Even after the full autopsy report was released and information about the evidence of prior abuse came out, Ramsey defense campaign representatives continued to respond to questions about prior sexual abuse with explanations involving poor wiping, bedwetting, and bubble baths. These sneaky answers did the trick — it convinced people who didn't know otherwise that the evidence was something it wasn't.
  • The Ramseys' PR defense campaign efforts. It's not by accident or happenstance that there's a lot of confusion and conflicting information out there on this topic. It's what defense campaigns do — manufacture reasonable doubt and disseminate it in the media. Most of the misinformation in this case can be traced back to Ramseys, their attorneys, their private investigators, Lou Smit, and other defense campaign advocates. They have put out a lot of misleading information which has shaped and controlled the public narrative about this case.
    We know the Ramseys were not happy the police had evidence of prior sexual abuse and it was something they wanted to go away — this is mentioned in Steve Thomas's book. Clearly, this evidence is not in their best interest and is something they have actively tried to counter.
  • The PBworks wiki page on the evidence of sexual assault. The 'JonBenet Ramsey Case Encyclopedia' is a popular resource online for those searching for information about the case. I've even see some mainstream media outlets use information from it in their articles. Its 'Evidence of Sexual Assault' entry gets referenced and linked online all the time. However, it is very misleading in the way it portrays the evidence and is a good example of false balance/bothsidesism.
  • Lawrence Schiller's book. Perfect Murder, Perfect Town is another popular resource on this case. It is regarded as the 'bible' as far as books on this case go. In it, Schiller downplays the evidence of prior sexual abuse, presenting it as something that is wholly uncertain and over which expert opinion evenly divided. On whether JonBenet had been abused prior to her murder, Schiller says: "It was likely that the truth would never be known." That is not an accurate reflection of the value of this evidence in this criminal investigation. Law enforcement accepted that the balance of medical opinion did show JonBenet had been abused prior to her death and considered it a fact of the case. To portray the issue as if there was an equal lack of supporting evidence on both sides to where no conclusions could be drawn is disingenuous.
  • Paula Woodward's book. In her book We Have Your Daughter, Woodward misportrays the evidence of prior sexual abuse as well as the opinions of the experts. I have written about this previously in this post.
  • Forum discussions. There's a tendency for online discussion on this case to be filled with recycled rumors, misconceptions, opinions, and beliefs which become repeated so often they eventually turn into forum cliches and factoids. I don't know how many times I have seen inaccurate statements like "For every expert that says there was prior sexual abuse, there's another that says there wasn't" get declared as if it were a fact.
However, if one takes a closer look at the evidence, it becomes apparent that it is not weighted equally on both sides. There is no medical debate, but a medical consensus. Every child sexual abuse expert who examined the genital findings from JonBenet's autopsy recognized physical signs of sexual abuse that predated her murder. Despite some objections to their conclusion, no one has disputed the physical findings of these experts. Their findings are compelling and should be seriously considered. In order to do that, though, one must first understand what the findings are and get acquainted with the doctors who testified to them.
The purpose of this post is to lay out everything that is known about the evidence of prior sexual abuse, but also to put it into a larger context so that hopefully it will be better understood. This will involve delving a bit into the history of child sexual abuse evaluations (it will become relevant later), as well as some background information of the experts involved. I will also go over dissenting opinions and address some common counterarguments and myths.

The evolution of modern pediatric sexual abuse evaluations: A brief historical timeline

1857 - One of the first known forensic medical studies on child sexual abuse, Étude médico-légale sur les attentats aux mœurs (Forensic study on offenses against morals) by French medical doctor and pathologist Auguste Ambroise Tardieu, is published. This treatise describes various forms of child abuse and maltreatment and includes anatomical drawings of genital findings which by modern standards are considered surprisingly accurate and ahead of its time. For some reason these efforts are largely ignored and it will be over a century before interest in sexual abuse evaluations from a medical perspective is resurrected.
1940s-50s - Child sexual abuse remains an unacknowledged taboo. Medical textbooks of this era tell doctors that children can contract STIs like gonorrhea from non-sexual means, such as from toilet seats, sharing towels, or sleeping in the same bed as an infected adult. Such myths will pervade for decades.
1962 - "The Battered Child Syndrome" by pediatrician C. Henry Kempe is published and physical child abuse is recognized. A watershed moment in pediatrics and child abuse protection. This article is about detecting hidden signs of physical abuse using modern radiological technology and newly proposed evaluation guidelines. Detecting chronic or hidden sexual abuse, however, will prove to be a more enduring challenge.
Late 1960s - By now all 50 states have child abuse protection laws in place.
1970s - Feminist campaigners and policymakers take up the cause of child sexual abuse. Most child protection workers during this period are social workers and therapists. The field of child abuse protection and evaluation is in its nascency.
1974 - Congress enacts the Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA, P.L. 93-247). CAPTA creates a nationwide focus on establishing standardized protocols for dealing with all forms of child abuse and neglect. Mandatory reporting is one component of CAPTA. Before, only doctors were required to report cases of suspected child abuse; now, it is anyone in a position of authority — teachers, camp counselors, etc. Consequently, there is a significant increase in the reporting of child abuse cases and an increase in the demand of evaluations for suspected sexual abuse. Most of the physicians doing these medical evaluations are not researchers or academics but work with prosecutor's offices and law enforcement.
1975 - Suzanne M. Sgroi, physician pioneer in the field, publishes an article calling child sexual abuse "the last frontier in child abuse" which "remains a taboo topic in many areas."
1977 - C. Henry Kempe brings awareness to the issue of child sexual abuse by following up "The Battered Child Syndrome" with a landmark lecture at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics in New York City. The talk, titled "Sexual Abuse, Another Hidden Pediatric Problem" is published in the journal Pediatrics the following year.
1980s - Doctors start examining children's genitals, documenting, cataloging and trying to interpret their findings. Some use a colposcope, a binocular-like instrument originally used to detect cervical cancer, which magnifies the vaginal canal and tissues up to 4-30x. Some take anatomical measurements which they use to develop criteria for suspected abuse. They know what findings they see in abused children, but there is an acute lack of understanding of what "normal" or nonabused genital findings look like.
1981 - The article "Sexual Misuse: Rape, Molestation, and Incest" by Dr. Bruce Woodling is published in the journal Pediatric Clinics of North America.
Dr. Woodling is a California physician whose area of specialty is in sexual abuse forensics. The paper presents his research on what he has dubbed the "wink response test", a concept borrowed from Tardieu's 19th-century forensic manual. This test involves stroking the area near the anus with a cotton swab and gauging the response — contraction of the sphincter indicates no abuse, while an involuntary opening or 'winking' response indicates prior penetration. It was a test Tardieu developed to diagnose pederasty and Woodling has applied it to children as a way to detect anal abuse.
1982 - The wave of daycare sexual abuse hysteria of the 80s begins with the Kern County abuse allegations. The investigation and trial will culminate in the conviction of two couples (the McCuans and Kniffens) for sexually abusing several children. Dr. Woodling's wink response test and testimony play a part in their conviction. Several other similar cases in the same area at the time result in convictions of several others.
1984 - Daycare abuse hysteria continues with the Fells Acres and McMartin Preschool accusations. In the Fells Acre case, day care teacher Gerald Amirault will be put on trial and convicted of sexually assaulting and raping nine children. Questionable interview methods of the children and unproven genital evaluation criteria form the basis for the conviction.
The McMartin preschool case is the first to receive major media attention in the United States. Pediatrician Astrid Heger, under the tutelage of Dr. Bruce Woodling, conducts many of the evaluations of the McMartin children and diagnoses the majority of them as having been sexually abused. The criteria used for the evaluations are based primarily on Woodling's research as well as other published papers at the time (e.g., Cantwell's 1983 study on hymenal diameter measurements). Many of the children are found to have suspect genital findings such as notches, clefts, bands, tissue tags, ruffled or rolled hymenal edges, 'microtraumas' seen only with magnification, hymenal openings which measure over four millimeters, as well as positive reactions to Woodling's wink response test.
mid to late 80s - More abuse allegations and convictions including Country Walk, Wee Nursery, Bronx Five, Little Rascals day care, Glendale Montessori cases.
1988 - Dr. John McCann, a pediatrics professor and researcher from UCSF School of Medicine, drops a bombshell at the 18th annual child abuse convention in San Diego. He presents the results of a study he and his colleagues have worked on the past four years. They had gathered a control group of about 300 nonabused/"normal" children and meticulously documented and photographed their anuses and genitals, the first such study to do so. What they learned shocked McCann and everyone else in the field. Many of the anatomic findings which some specialists were claiming to be signs of abuse were commonly found in the nonabused children. The study showed that the large variation of anatomical features of childrens' genitals were, in fact, just that — variations of normal. This meant that parents and caretakers were being reported and convicted based on erroneous unscientific criteria. This presentation, titled "Anatomical Standardization of Normal Prepubertal Children," is a watershed moment in the field.
1989 - The first paper based on McCann's study ("Perianal findings in prepubertal children selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect. Among its conclusions, it shows that Dr. Woodling's wink response test has no scientific basis.
The impact of McCann's study influences leaders in the field to call for an overhaul in the way sexual abuse evaluation criteria are approached:
Medical Examination for Sexual Abuse: Have We Been Misled?
The more we learn, the less we know "with reasonable medical certainty"?
1990s - This decade sees an explosion of research and progress. The second paper based on McCanns' landmark study ("Genital findings in prepubertal girls selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Pediatrics in 1990. The dropping of charges in the McMartin preschool trial, also in 1990, marks the beginning of the winding down of the nation's abuse hysteria. McCann's research is presented as evidence by the defense in some abuse trials, such as the McMartin and Little Rascals daycare cases.
1992 - A classification system for evaluating children for suspected sexual abuse is proposed by Dr. Joyce Adams, Katherine Harper and Sandra Knudson. This later becomes known as the Adams classification system (keep this system in mind as we will be referring back to it) and will be periodically revised with updated criteria throughout the following decades. It will be adopted and used in the field of child abuse pediatrics and gynecology worldwide. John McCann's research help form a basis for this system.
mid to late 90s - More research based on cross-sectional, case-control, and longitudinal studies of abused and nonabused children are published which improves understanding and accuracy of evaluation criteria: Berenson, Heger, Adams, Emans, Kellogg, Kerns, McCann, Muram, Finkel, etc. Due to the errors of the previous decade, specialists in the field are highly conscientious and prudent about differentiating nonabuse from abuse criteria.

The evidence of prior sexual abuse in the JonBenet Ramsey case: What we know

When Boulder County Coroner Dr. John Meyer performed JonBenet's autopsy, he identified signs of acute vaginal trauma which he believed was consistent with digital penetration. What we didn't find out until the publication of James Kolar's book Foreign Faction in 2012 is that Dr. Meyer also saw indications of prior sexual contact. Concerned about this possibility, he sought a specialist opinion and brought Dr. Andrew Sirotnak to the morgue to examine JonBenet's genital injuries. Dr. Sirotnak was a child abuse pediatrician who headed the Child Protection Team at Children's Hospital Colorado. He confirmed Meyer's opinion that there were signs of prior sexual contact.
Here are the relevant passages from Kolar's book:
  • Dr. Meyer also observed signs of chronic inflammation around the vaginal orifice and believed that these injuries had been inflicted in the days or weeks before the acute injury that was responsible for causing the bleeding at the time of her death. This irritation appeared consistent with prior sexual contact.
    [Foreign Faction: Who Really Kidnapped JonBenet?, A. James Kolar, p. 58]
  • Following the meeting, Dr. Meyer returned to the morgue with Dr. Andy Sirontak, Chief of Denver Children's Hospital Child Protection Team, so that a second opinion could be rendered on the injuries observed to the vaginal area of JonBenet. He would observe the same injuries that Dr. Meyer had noted during the autopsy protocol and concurred that a foreign object had been inserted into the opening of JonBenet's vaginal orifice and was responsible for the acute injury witnessed at the 7:00 o'clock position. Further inspection revealed that the hymen was shriveled and retracted, a sign that JonBenet had been subjected to some type of sexual contact prior to the date of her death. Dr. Sirontak could not provide an opinion as to how old those injuries were or how many times JonBenet may have been assaulted and would defer to the expert opinions of other medical examiners.
    [Kolar, p. 61]
  • Dr. Meyer was concerned about JonBenet's vaginal injuries, and he, along with Boulder investigators, sought the opinions of a variety of other physicians in the days following her autopsy. Dr. Sirontak, a pediatrician with Denver Children's Hospital, had recognized signs of prior sexual trauma but neither he nor Dr. Meyer were able to say with any degree of certainty what period of time may have been involved in the abuse.
    [Kolar, p. 63]
Boulder Police would later ask several child sexual abuse experts to review the autopsy findings* in order to help them determine if there was evidence of prior sexual abuse. In addition to Andrew Sirotnak, these are the experts whom we know were consulted:
Richard Krugman
James Monteleone
Valerie Rao
John McCann
That's right — that John McCann. The same John McCann who was responsible for putting child sexual abuse evaluations onto scientific footing and who happened to establish the standards for what is considered normal and abnormal in pediatric genital exams was consulted on the JonBenet Ramsey case.
In Steve Thomas's 2001 deposition for the Wolf v Ramsey civil trial, Thomas says that McCann came recommended by the FBI. There's a reason for that, which is that McCann was regarded as one of the the foremost authorities on interpreting pediatric anogenital findings in cases of suspected abuse. Thomas also refers to McCann, Monteleone, and Rao as the "blue ribbon pediatric panel." Based on various sources, we know that there was at least one meeting in Boulder in September 1997 involving McCann, Rao, Monteleone, and Krugman.
Here is the relevant passage from Thomas's book:
In mid-September, a panel of pediatric experts from around the country reached one of the major conclusions of the investigation - that JonBenet had suffered vaginal trauma prior to the day she was killed.
There were no dissenting opinions among them on the issue, and they firmly rejected any possibility that the trauma to the hymen and chronic vaginal inflammation were caused by urination issues or masturbation. We gathered affidavits stating in clear language that there were injuries "consistent with prior trauma and sexual abuse"...."There was chronic abuse"..."Past violation of the vagina"...."Evidence of both acute injury and chronic sexual abuse." In other words, the doctors were saying it had happened before.
...
The results, however, were not what is known in the legal world as "conclusive" - which means that there can be no other interpretation - and I would fully expect defense lawyers to argue something different. Nevertheless, our highly qualified doctors had brought in a remarkable finding.
[JonBenet: Inside the Ramsey Murder Investigation, Steve Thomas & Don Davis, p. 253]
The experts expected to testify in court had the case gone to trial. As we know, there was no criminal trial, but we know the experts were called to testify before the grand jury.
*During JonBenet's autopsy, an instrument called a colposcope was used to examine and document her genital injuries. This is standard procedure in forensic pathology in cases of suspected child abuse or sexual assault. Colposcopy illuminates and magnifies the vaginal cavity and is used to identify abnormal changes to tissue and the internal genital structures. The experts would have relied on these colposcopic photos as well as histologic samples of JonBenet's vaginal mucosa in addition to the autopsy report, coroner's notes, and lab results.

The physical findings explained

These are the genital findings we know were discovered at JonBenet's autopsy:
Ref. no. Finding Source
1 Chronic inflammation around vaginal orifice FF
2 Small amount of dried blood on perineum AR
3 Small amount of dried and semifluid blood on skin of fourchette and in vestibule AR
4 Hyperemia of vestibule and vaginal wall AR
5 Abrasion on hymenal orifice at 7 o'clock position, involving the hymen and vaginal wall AR
6 Epithelial erosion with underlying capillary congestion of tissue from 7'oclock AR
7 Hymenal orifice measuring 1cm x 1cm AR
8 A lack of hymenal tissue between the 10 and 2 o'clock positions AR
9 Vascular congestion and focal interstitial chronic inflammation of vaginal mucosa AR
10 Bruise on hymen BP
11 Three dimensional thickening from inside to outside of inferior hymenal rim BP
12 Narrowing of inferior hymenal rim to base of hymen BP
13 Exposure of vaginal rugae BP
AR = Autopsy Report
BP = Bonita Papers
FF = Foreign Faction
What do these physical findings mean?
Here is a quick break down:
  • 5, 6, and 10, with corresponding bleeding 2 and 3, are signs of acute trauma from the time of the murder.
  • 7 is something that gets brought up as evidence of prior abuse ("enlarged hymenal opening"). However, criteria based on hymenal opening measurements were removed from the Adams classification guidelines in 1996. McCann did not include it in his criteria for abuse, but said it supported the findings for abuse. Since the late 90s/early 2000s, specialists have tried to move away from using measurement-based criteria as it is difficult to do precisely. Research data has shown that measurements can vary with the examination position, technique, age of the child, state of relaxation of the child, and the skill of the examiner.
  • 8 describes a crescentic hymen, a common variation of hymen types. This is a normal finding. Generally, discrepancies of the anterior half of the hymen (above the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) are not considered concerning and missing segments, notches, clefts can be normal findings. It is the inferior half of the hymen (below the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) where experts look for indicators of abuse.
  • 11-13 are findings observed by John McCann that describe structural changes of the hymen from a prior penetration. 12 describes a transection (a healed laceration) of the inferior portion of the hymen.
  • 1, 4, 9 can be caused by a variety of other conditions and on their own are not classified as indicators for abuse. In the case where findings indicating abuse are also present, they need to be considered in context.
McCann's findings
The most important of these findings to understand is 12, which is one of McCann's observations outlined in the Bonita Papers.
There was a three dimensional thickening from inside to outside on the inferior hymeneal rim with a bruise apparent on the external surface of the hymen and a narrowing of the hymeneal rim from the edge of the hymen to where it attaches to the muscular portion of the vaginal openings. At the narrowing area, there appeared to be very little if any hymen present.
To understand what this means, take a look at the white line segment labeled "Hymenal width" in this colposcopic photo (warning: image of vagina/hymen). It demarcates the length of the hymenal membrane from the rim/edge to the base where it attaches to the vaginal wall.
A narrowing of the hymenal rim means the hymenal membrane is reduced in dimension from the rim/edge toward the base. When the rim is narrowed all the way to the base, that is called a complete cleft or a transection. A transection is a discontinuity of the inferior hymenal rim that extends to or through the base of the hymen. Basically, it is a telltale residual absence of tissue from a healed complete laceration.
If this is difficult to visualize, here is a figure which shows what transections look like:
Figure 3: Hymenal Membrane Characteristics
[source]
The Adams classification system
In the fields of child abuse pediatrics and pediatric gynecology, the set of guidelines most widely used in interpreting genital findings is the Adams classification system.
If we were to look at the most recently revised version (2018), we would see that it identifies certain "findings caused by trauma":
These findings are highly suggestive of abuse, even in the absence of a disclosure from the child, unless the child and/or caretaker provides a timely and plausible description of accidental anogenital straddle, crush or impalement injury, or past surgical interventions that are confirmed from review of medical records.
Among those findings that are "highly suggestive of abuse" includes point 37, listed in the subsection titled "Residual (healing) injuries to genital/anal tissues" under section E:
Healed hymenal transection/complete hymen cleft, a defect in the hymen below the 3-9 o'clock location that extends to or through the base of the hymen, with no hymenal tissue discernible at that location
This is precisely what Dr. McCann described having observed in JonBenet.
A transection in the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal child is a significant finding because it is considered a clear indication of a prior penetrating injury:
  • Multiple studies have noted the presence of hymenal transections only in prepubertal girls with a history of disclosed sexual abuse.
    [ Sara T. Stewart, MD. Hymenal Characteristics in Girls with and without a History of Sexual Abuse, p. 533]
  • Hymenal transections are very rarely seen in prepubertal girls who have not been sexually abused. However, a demonstrated transection, based on multiple studies, is commonly viewed as “a clear but uncommon indicator of past trauma.”
    [Mishori, R., Ferdowsian, H., Naimer, K. et al. The little tissue that couldn’t – dispelling myths about the Hymen’s role in determining sexual history and assault.]
  • Thus a deep notch, transection, or perforation on the inferior portion of the hymen may be considered as a definitive sign of sexual abuse or other trauma.
    [Berenson, et al. A case-control study of anatomic changes resulting from sexual abuse, p. 829]
  • A transection of the posterior hymen between 4 and 8 o’clock in prepubertal girls suggests genital penetrating trauma; however, the presence of this finding is not confirmatory of sexual abuse. Posterior hymenal findings including transections between 4 and 8 o’clock, deep notches, and perforations were not seen in studies of prepubertal girls without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse included in this systematic review. Therefore, one can conclude that the posterior hymenal findings of transections, deep notches, and perforations are extremely infrequent findings among children without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse or other means. [...]
    However, because the prevalence of posterior hymenal findings (between 4 and 8 o’clock) such as transections, deep notches, and perforations are near zero in nonabused prepubertal girls, the presence of these examination findings suggests genital trauma from sexual abuse. In the absence of known genital trauma from accidental means, the possibility for sexual abuse must be strongly considered. In a prepubertal girl with a posterior hymenal finding of a transection (between 4 and 8 o’clock), a deep notch (between 4 and 8 o’clock), or a perforation, a report to child protective services should be strongly considered. At a minimum, an examination by a child abuse specialist should occur to confirm these findings and to help provide a careful interpretation regarding the likelihood of sexual abuse.
    [Molly Curtin Berkoff, MD, MPH; Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH; Kathi L. Makoroff, MD; et al. Has This Prepubertal Girl Been Sexually Abused?, p. 2790]
If any doctor or medical provider today observed a transection on the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal female patient, he/she would be required to make a report for suspected sexual abuse and an explanation would be required for how that healed injury got there. In forty years of research, this finding has not been seen in any other instance besides from penetrating trauma. In prepubertal girls, it is indicative of sexual abuse unless it can be shown otherwise.

What the evidence says

The evidence says JonBenet had been subjected to at least one penetration of the vagina through the hymenal membrane prior to her murder. The penetration caused a complete laceration of the inferior hymenal membrane. After the laceration healed, a transection and other structural changes of the hymen remained.
The age of the prior injury could not be determined, but based on his research on the healing of hymenal lacerations of prepubertal girls, it was McCann's opinion that it was more than ten days old. His research has shown that "most signs of an acute [hymenal laceration] injury were gone within 7 to 10 days." Some of the experts thought the prior injury could have been weeks or months old.
While the evidence could conclusively prove only one prior penetration, the experts believed there had been more than one instance of penetration/sexual contact and that JonBenet's genital findings indicated abuse that had been repeated or ongoing. They were unable to determine how many incidents over what period of time.
Four of the five experts (Sirotnak, Monteleone, Rao, McCann) were confident in their opinion that JonBenet's genital findings were diagnostic of sexual abuse. One (Krugman) could not disagree with that assessment, but lacking certain forensic evidence (i.e., the victim's testimony, the confirmed presence of sperm, or an STI), was unwilling to assume a sexual motive for the abuse. He felt there was evidence only of physical abuse of the genitals.

What else could explain the prior penetration/ hymenal trauma besides sexual abuse?

There are three known causes of transections in the inferior hymenal rim in prepubertal girls — penetrative sexual abuse, accidental penetrating trauma, and surgical intervention.
Most accidental genital injuries sustained by children are straddle-type injuries that involve a fall onto the horizontal bar of a bicycle, jungle gym, or picket fence. This type of accident involves compression of the soft tissues against the bony margins of the pelvic outlet. Trauma is usually limited to the external structures of the genital area (e.g., labia, clitoral hood, fourchette, perineum).
Accidental penetrating or impalement injuries that involve trauma to the hymen are relatively rare:
Of 161 accidental genital injuries reported in the literature, 3.7% involved the hymen.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
However, they do occur and the resulting injuries can mimic those of sexual abuse. In such cases, it is important that the cause of the injury be confirmed.
Whether an acute or healed genital or anal injury is identified, it is incumbent on the medical professional to obtain a complete history of the nature of the injury. [...]
Key differences in the history of accidental trauma, such as a straddle injury, are that accidental injuries are more commonly observed by a third party, medical attention is sought immediately after the injury, a scene-of-injury visit confirms the plausibility of the injuries and the accompanying history, and the pattern of injury is consistent with the history.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
If JonBenet's prior hymenal injury was the result of an accident or a past surgical procedure, it should be reflected in her medical records and easy to prove. An accidental penetrating injury that results in a complete laceration of the hymen is considered severe, one that would be painful and cause bleeding. It would be expected that most parents or caretakers would seek medical attention for their child's injury.
We know the Ramseys were not timid or frugal when it came to getting medical attention for JonBenet's injuries and ailments. We have records of her being seen by the doctor for various bumps, falls, and injuries, such as a bent fingernail from a fall, a bruised nose from faceplanting at a grocery store, a bump on the brow from a tripping fall, and a small cut to the cheek from a golf club swing. If JonBenet had sustained an accidental genital injury that resulted in a severe laceration, I find it very hard to believe she would not have been taken to the doctor for such an injury when she was taken for lesser injuries and ailments.
Clearly, there was nothing in her medical records that could account for such an injury or the Ramseys would have provided it to police.
 
(Continue to Part 2: The experts, responses to dissenting opinions and common myths, etc.)
submitted by AdequateSizeAttache to JonBenetRamsey [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 02:52 Intelligent_Algae681 Being African American as an Applicant and as a Law Student in 2020-2021

Given the focus on law and law enforcement toward issues of systemic racism in America, I have found the issue of representation in legal education as one of the most difficult to understand. The issues that are being faced by African American populations across the nation are intricately tied to the education of law and representation within the field of law. After doing some light research, I realized that the the top three law schools--the schools whose graduates have a large role in shaping the American legal system--have woeful rates of representation.
Here is some data:
Yale Law's Response: In short, Yale offered platitudes and empty promises to black students in light of recent protests, instances of racial injustice and civil unrest. Student groups have indicated that the response, given Yale's position, is wholly inadequate. (P.S. If you do not have a law.com account, they let you read three articles free. It's worth a read in my opinion.)
Yale Law's Numbers: Across all three years at Yale Law school, only 6 percent of the entire student body, that is 630 students, is black. Please note that African Americans compose13.4%of the US population.
Harvard Law's Response: Harvard law is one of the few schools at Harvard University where an office of diversity is currently not present. Similarly, the stories on their official instagram page are quite chilling, experience-wise. I will note that as opposed to Yale and Stanford, Harvard has made strides in closing the gap.
Harvard Law's Numbers: 10 percent of the entire student body is African American.
Stanford Law's Response: Out of the three, Stanford has really attempted to make progress in light of recent events, through IDEAL and racial justice initiatives.
Stanford Law's Numbers: Though the initiatives are a great starting point for Stanford, 6 percent of its entire student body is African American.
I know most people applying to law school and most people on this forum are not black. But I urge everyone to take just a moment and realize that in a field with such low rates of representation, the murder and lack of law enforcement we see on the news are deeply tied to the process which we are all going through. Although there is some progress, the slow pace in which legal institutions move hinders our ability to aid entire populations.
Let me be clear. I am not comparing black lives to white live; I am not stating that the entire process needs to be rewritten. All I suggest is that these institutions reconsider their role in perpetuating a historical disenfranchisement by adequately representing the African American demographic. We are at a historical turning point, and I think these institutions should think critically about their role and what they want their legacy to be.
This post is most likely doomed to flop, but if this forum could demand a response from these schools, I'd feel so proud and honored to be part of such a community. It could be as easy as an upvote, a comment, or a share. There are a number of people on this forum who have a voice to advocate for those of us who have voices which will go unheard. If you know an adcom on here, send them the post. If you play a part in admissions and could bring this to the attention of someone who has a voice, please consider doing so. I don't advocate for anger and accusations. I merely want the institutions which have created the legal system in which we live to recognize this issue--to recognize that for many of us getting into law school and becoming a lawyer will be one of the most difficult processes in our lives. Also, really not my intention to put you on the spot, but u/Spivey_Consulting, I know that you frequently meet with deans and adcoms from these top schools. You do not have to, but on behalf of black applicants, I think we would all appreciate if you would bring this to their attention.
If you made it this far, thanks for the read. Your support doesn't go unnoticed. :)
submitted by Intelligent_Algae681 to lawschooladmissions [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 22:30 dc_gay_man FYI: Madison Cawthorn Moe Davis Club For Growth Action PAC

I can't believe we got called the "ugliest race in North Carolina." I thought you'd find the information interesting (some of it hilarious). I've shared it with the subreddits in my district, NC-11.
***
Club For Growth Action “Political Action Committee” has sent 4 mailers to my house. PAC Goals. North Carolina = $2855.00 out of $3.3M. Click “arrow” far right to see city/town.
Fact Check: HERE and HERE. Note: Liberal-bias conversation (and humor). Highlights:
“The Money doesn’t Lie” and “Follow The Money For the Real Moe Davis” = Commemorative Coin Act for National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, Inc. BTW: Tillis/Burr – voted yes. Second Coin Issued. Cost-Neutral.
“Supported by People who support Extremists” = Woman-owned company in Maine.
However, more serious accusations discussed. AVLwatchdog (and here) is another source. Make your own judgement call.
***
I am surprised that no PAC came to support Moe Davis.
***
Each Debate has jump points/hyperlinks: HERE, HERE, HERE. See description. Madison Cawthorn and Moe Davis have active channels.
Madison Cawthorn hired Terry Allen to prep him and prepare the “3-ring binder.” Terry’s Client List: PhRMA, CRN, Nuclear Energy Institute, American Bail Insurers, others. Bill Smith helps too. The rumor is: no binder for the next debate next Wednesday.
***
Madison did an interview with the Jewish Insider, includes Questionnaire. Great article, but one “red flag.” He said: “I would never cosponsor a bill with anyone who is antisemitic or holds anti-Zionist beliefs.” He cited Ilhan Omar and here is everything she has cosponsored (642 entries). I think it’s your job to work with people who have great ideas, but that’s just me.
Madison said: “I think these Abraham Accords are historic. You know, there actually has not been a peace deal in the Middle East in my entire lifetime. Since I’ve been alive, there’s never been any form of a peace deal, which I think was pretty incredible.” This is a true statement and wow.
Madison was asked and would not mention a Republican who promoted anti-Semitism. The local Jewish community had 2017 bomb threat. He said he has not visited a synagogue in this District. I can’t recall Moe mentioning a visit either since that was a serious incident.
***
October 15th is the date we will have insight on campaign donations. Again – ask questions and I’ll do candidate research for you.
submitted by dc_gay_man to ncpolitics [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 22:23 Rickard58 200 reasons not to vote for Trump

In case you or your friends needed 200 reasons to not vote for Trump, here’s his terrible record:
submitted by Rickard58 to VaushV [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 22:23 SavageTruths74 The USSR as an example of socialist success

the USSR's official ideology was Marxism-Leninism.
im not going to address things like holodomor or the purges but on what the soviet union achieved. but if you want, ill make a post on them based purely on historical consensus and archival data.
Russia was an impoverished, mostly illiterate society before 1917 but after the soviet union was established and planning was started things began to take off. yes there was issues including famines, but consider the conditions, grain was being destroyed, livestock killed and machinery given during the NEP was being destroyed. a brutal but sadly necessary "dekulakization" occured collectivizing industry. the soviet union was also invaded several times, had to educate, industrialize, fight a war, organize, and shut down counter revolutionaries.
What happened after the soviet union was founded:
only after after socialist industrialization did Russia grow faster than the rest of the world: https://wid.world/document/soviets-oligarchs-inequality-property-russia-1905-2016/ https://wid.world/document/appendix-soviets-oligarchs-inequality-property-russia-1905-2016-wid-world-working-paper-201710/
they made all education free http://www.revolutionarydemocracy.org/archive/PubEdUSSR.htm http://www.revolutionarydemocracy.org/archive/anglosov.htm http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0000/000013/001300eo.pdf
literacy rose from 33% to 99.9% https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Likbez
they doubled life expectancy in just 20 years https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_the_Soviet_Union After the October revolution, the life expectancy for all age groups went up. A newborn child in 1926-27 had a life expectancy of 44.4 years, up from 32.3 years thirty years before. In 1958-59 the life expectancy for newborns went up to 68.6 years. the Semashko system of the USSR increased lifespan by 50% in 20 years (by the 1960's, lifespans in the USSR were comparable to those in the USA): <https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB5054/index1.html>
the last famine of the USSR was in the 1940s. after the wars ended socialism proved it could feed everyone and CIA data even suggests they ate just as much as americans https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP84B00274R000300150009-5.pdf it also was not till the soviet revolution that nutrition quality went up https://artir.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/compar1.png?w=640
between 1913 and 1960, workers in Russia moved from 58.5-hour workweeks to 41.6 hour workweeks (-0.36 h/yr): https://books.google.com/books?id=x8JYjwEACAAJ https://b-ok.cc/book/2669908/77497f
the USSR averaged 22 days of paid leave in 1986: https://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/1994/94B09_66_englp2.pdf (the USA averaged 7.6 in 1996 https://www.bls.gov/news.release/ebs.t05.htm))
in 1987, people in the USSR could retire with pension at 55 (female) and 60 (male) and received, at minimum, 50% of their wages: https://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/1994/94B09_66_englp2.pdf For comparison, in 2016, people in the USA can retire at 62-67 and the average (not median) retiree household in the USA get inflows of $48k/yr, 65% of the 74k average (not median) household income: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/could-you-get-by-on-the-average-americans-retirement-income/
it was not till socialism was established that GDP took off https://i.imgur.com/JiZapPz.jpg and then collapsed with the reintroduction of capitalism.
The Soviet Union had the highest physician-patient ratio in the world, my notes say 42 per 10,000 population, vs 24 in Denmark and Sweden, 19 in US. In this document: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0735675784900482 You can open it without paying with sci-hub.cc
the soviets kept up with agricultural output worldwide until they bought grain instead of grow it https://khvostik.files.wordpress.com/2018/10/agricultural-production-world-vs-ussr.jpg?w=640
  • 1957: Launch of the first intercontinental ballistic missile R-7 Semyorka.
  • 1957: First orbiting satellite, Sputnik 1.
  • 1957: First living in orbit, the dog Laika on Sputnik 2.
  • 1959: Launch of a missile, the first man-made object to leave the Earth's orbit, Luna 1
  • 1959: Telemetry – First communication to and from the ground, Luna 1.
  • 1959: First object to pass near the moon, and the first object in orbit around the Moon, Luna 1.
  • 1959: First satellite hit the moon, Luna 2.
  • 1959: First images of the dark side of the moon, Luna 3.
  • 1960: First satellite to be launched to Mars, the Marsnik 1.
  • 1961: First satellite to Venus, Venera 1.
  • 1961: The first person to enter orbit around the Earth, Yuri Gagarin in Vostok 1.
  • 1961: The first person to spend a day in orbit, Gherman Titov – Vostok 2.
  • 1962: First flight of two astronauts (estimate), Vostok 3 and Vostok 4.
  • 1963: First woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova, Vostok 6.
  • 1964: First flight of several astronauts (3), Voskhod 1.
  • 1965: First spacewalk, Aleksei Leonov, Voskhod 2.
  • 1965: First probe to another planet Venus, Venera 3.
  • 1966: First probe to descend on the moon and send from there, Luna 9.
  • 1966: First probe in lunar orbit, Luna 10.
  • 1967: First meeting of unmanned Cosmos 186/Cosmos 188 (until 2006 this feat was not imitated by the United States).
  • 1969: First docking and crew exchange in orbit, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5
  • 1970:. First signals sent to the moon by Luna 16.
  • 1970: First mobile robot, Lunokhod 1.
  • 1970: The first data sent by a probe from another planet (Venus), Venera 7.
  • 1971: First space station, Salyut 1.
  • 1971: First satellite in orbit around Mars and landing on Mars 2.
  • 1975: First satellite in orbit around Venus and sending data to earth, Venera 9.
  • 1984: First woman to walk in space, Svetlana Savitskaja (Salyut 7)
  • 1986: First team to visit two space stations Salyut and Mir (7).
  • 1986: First permanent space station in Earth orbit, the MIR orbit from 1986 to 2001.
  • 1987: First team to spend more than a year aboard Mir, Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov.
It seems impossible: whereas in Tsarist Russia, people traveled by carriage, 40 years later it was possible to reach space. The Soviets also developed the largest thermonuclear experimental system in the world, 10 Tokamak, a prototype fusion reactor. Tokamak heats the hydrogen at the temperature of the bowels of the sun (tens of millions of degrees) and keep the heated substance for a long time. They also created the first nuclear icebreaker "Lenin", the first in the world, another feat of Soviet engineering, consisting of a giant 19,240 tons of steel, driven by three nuclear reactors using pressurized water.
These were the largest industrial and social achievements of the Soviet Union, not to mention the country's reconstruction, destroyed by World War II. this is just a taste of its achievments.
academic studies on the USSR
Professor of Economic History, Robert C. Allen, concludes in his study without the 1917 revolution the russia would not have achieved nearly as much as socialist russia. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.507.8966&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Study demonstrating the steady increase in quality of life during the Soviet period (including under Stalin). Includes the fact that Soviet life expectancy grew faster than any other nation recorded at the time. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2672986?seq=1
A large study using world bank data analyzing the quality of life in Capitalist vs Socialist countries and finds overwhelmingly at similar levels of development socialism brings a better quality of life by Shirley Ceresto, PHD, and Howard Waitzkin, MD, PHD https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1646771/pdf/amjph00269-0055.pdf
Ask Somebody Who Lived Under Communism!"
Studies consistently find that people in most ex-socialist countries feel that life was better under socialism than it is under capitalism:
What the Soviets accomplished in the immediate aftermath of Stalin's death was nothing short of an economic miracle. They suffered 30 million deaths and a 25% capital loss in the second world war. Of all the Allied powers, the USSR took the brunt of the death toll, and Berlin ultimately fell to Soviet forces. Then there was a famine until 1947. Stalin died relatively shortly after, in 1953, and it was only four years between Stalin's death and Khrushchev's USSR beating the USA to outer-fucking-space.
to get a look into soviet life look at these images https://imgur.com/a/HRAZZ99#fZOGNEm
this was a short post. but i hope it opens the eyes of some people. realize the USSR was still in infancy. there is literally so much more i could add but this is already a good bit.
some youtubers to browse and things to read
Masterpost on the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union)
Masterpost on Workers' Control and Democracy in the Soviet Union
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qeYeYeLN7uKxfMdoe7TAmOMD2fmgyZdU_urvW6eAsRg/edit#bookmark=id.ie987hvbw24t
https://www.youtube.com/c/SpookyScarySocialist/videos
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCReRffTpdfRgDsNVLAKBH0g
https://www.youtube.com/c/ComradeLenin/videos
https://www.northstarcompass.org/nsc1212/ussr.htm
https://writetorebel.com/2016/11/25/the-successes-of-socialism-in-the-uss
http://www.idcommunism.com/2016/09/why-socialism-is-superior-to-capitalism.html
and to finish it off a little montage of soviet achievments https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5axVunzQSA
there is so much more i can add. this is just a taste.
submitted by SavageTruths74 to marxistreadingclub [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 22:22 Rickard58 200 reasons not to vote for Trump

In case you or your friends needed 200 reasons to not vote for Trump, here’s his terrible record:
submitted by Rickard58 to thedavidpakmanshow [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 22:22 Rickard58 200 reasons not to vote for Trump

In case you or your friends needed 200 reasons to not vote for Trump, here’s his terrible record:
submitted by Rickard58 to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 22:19 dc_gay_man Madison Cawthorn Moe Davis Club For Growth Action PAC

Some information for your consideration. Some of it is hilarious.
Club For Growth Action “Political Action Committee” has sent 4 mailers to my house. PAC Goals. North Carolina = $2855.00 out of $3.3M. Click “arrow” far right to see city/town.
Fact Check: HERE and HERE. Note: Liberal-bias conversation (and humor). Highlights:
“The Money doesn’t Lie” and “Follow The Money For the Real Moe Davis” = Commemorative Coin Act for National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, Inc. BTW: Tillis/Burr – voted yes. Second Coin Issued. Cost-Neutral.
“Supported by People who support Extremists” = Woman-owned company in Maine.
However, more serious accusations discussed. AVLwatchdog (and here) is another source. Make your own judgement call.
***
I am surprised that no PAC came to support Moe Davis. Information on Act Blue Funds Raised.
***
Each Debate has jump points/hyperlinks: HERE, HERE, HERE. See description. Madison Cawthorn and Moe Davis have active channels.
Madison Cawthorn hired Terry Allen to prep him and prepare the “3-ring binder.” Terry’s Client List: PhRMA, CRN, Nuclear Energy Institute, American Bail Insurers, others. Bill Smith helps too. The rumor is: no binder for the next debate next Wednesday.
***
Madison did an interview with the Jewish Insider, includes Questionnaire. Great article, but one “red flag.” He said: “I would never cosponsor a bill with anyone who is antisemitic or holds anti-Zionist beliefs.” He cited Ilhan Omar and here is everything she has cosponsored (642 entries). I think it’s your job to work with people who have great ideas, but that’s just me.
Madison said: “I think these Abraham Accords are historic. You know, there actually has not been a peace deal in the Middle East in my entire lifetime. Since I’ve been alive, there’s never been any form of a peace deal, which I think was pretty incredible.” This is a true statement and wow.
Madison was asked and would not mention a Republican who promoted anti-Semitism. The local Jewish community had 2017 bomb threat. He said he has not visited a synagogue in this District. I can’t recall Moe mentioning a visit either since that was a serious incident.
***
October 15th is the date we will have insight on campaign donations. Again – ask questions and I’ll do candidate research for you.
submitted by dc_gay_man to WeavervilleNC [link] [comments]


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